President John Quincy Adams and the Election of 1824

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Steven Shirley
President John Quincy Adams made a deal with Henry Clay to win the election of 1824 but at a price. Learn about the list of candidates of the 1824 election with a special look at John Quincy Adams, the deal between Adams and Clay, and the Adams administration. Updated: 08/19/2021

Election of 1824: American Politics at the Crossroads

By 1824, the United States had been led by five strong presidents and personalities:

  • George Washington
  • John Adams
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Madison
  • James Monroe

Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe came to be known as the Virginia Dynasty, and were not only presidents but founding fathers of our young nation. Following these gentlemen was no easy task and would prove difficult for any aspiring politician seeking the White House in 1824.

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  • 0:01 Election of 1824
  • 0:28 List of Candidates
  • 1:36 John Quincy Adams
  • 2:22 The Corrupt Bargain
  • 4:21 The Adams Administration
  • 5:49 Lesson Summary
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List of Candidates

With no clear candidate to inherit this mantle, the election was an open race with a crowded field. Men of considerable talent, intellectual ability, and gravitas entered the race to vie for the ultimate prize in American politics, the presidency. Who were these men?

John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, a longtime member of Congress and former secretary of war under James Monroe. He wouldn't last till the end of the race, preferring instead to drop out and ally himself with the eventual winner and become vice president. Smart move.

William H. Crawford of Georgia, seen as an early favorite in the election, was himself a senator, a former ambassador, and secretary of war.

Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, 'Old Hickory' as he was known, was anything but the darling of the District of Columbia. But, he was a populist and popular politician, not to mention a war hero. Perhaps a little rough around the edges, but Jackson was highly respected for his political acumen.

Henry Clay of Kentucky, the powerful speaker of the House of Representatives, would be a major player in the ultimate outcome of 1824—not to mention a vehement critic of Jackson.

John Quincy Adams

And then there was John Quincy Adams, son of…well you guessed it, our second president, John Adams.

Living in his father's shadow was never easy but John Quincy Adams managed a distinguished career as a lawyer, a diplomat, and eight years as secretary of state. Indeed, John Quincy Adams was one of the most influential secretaries of state in our nation's history, helping author one of the most important foreign policy decisions of our young nation, the Monroe Doctrine. But, would that be enough to make him president?

What made matters more difficult was the fact that in 1824, there was no two-party system like we have today. Political parties were more diverse, and candidates were more free to act and build a coalition of supporters.

The Corrupt Bargain

This meant that endorsements and political experience were important. Because of the support of two former presidents, Madison and Jefferson, the early favorite was Crawford. However, as the campaign got underway, it became clear that this was going to be very different than any other election. First, Crawford suffered a stroke, which severely hampered his campaign, and his own party split into two parts.

By the time the dust cleared on election day, none of the five candidates had secured enough electoral college votes to win the presidency. For the first time in our nation's history, there was no clear presidential winner after the election. Jackson secured 99 electoral votes and Adams 84. However, neither captured a majority of the votes. With the rest of the votes scattered among Clay and Crawford, there was no clear winner.

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