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Principle of Unity Of Direction: Overview

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  • 0:02 Fayol and the…
  • 0:44 Rationale
  • 1:13 Example
  • 1:49 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shawn Grimsley
The principle of unity of direction is one Henri Fayol's 14 administrative principles. In this lesson, we will discuss what the principle is, the concepts behind it, and why it is important. A short quiz follows the lesson.

Fayol and the Principle of Unity Direction

Henri Fayol was a French mining executive that made significant contributions to administrative management theory. He developed 14 principles that he attributed to his management success. One of these theories is the principle of unity of direction. This theory states there should only be one leader and one plan for a series of activities seeking the accomplishment of the same objective. For example, we have three different work teams all completing tasks for the same project. Based on the theory, these teams should all be using the same project plan and being led by the same project leader. This is basically the idea of project management as used in modern businesses.

Rationale

There are three main points of rationale behind the principle of unity of direction: building efficient organization and management structures, avoiding unnecessary duplication of effort, and minimizing the waste of organizational resources. The idea is that each department of an organization is responsible for specific objectives and uses one plan to complete each objective. One person is in charge of implementing and managing the execution of the plan.

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