Principle of Unity Of Direction: Overview

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Scalar Chain in Management: Principle & Overview

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:02 Fayol and the…
  • 0:44 Rationale
  • 1:13 Example
  • 1:49 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed Audio mode

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shawn Grimsley

Shawn has a masters of public administration, JD, and a BA in political science.

The principle of unity of direction is one Henri Fayol's 14 administrative principles. In this lesson, we will discuss what the principle is, the concepts behind it, and why it is important. A short quiz follows the lesson.

Fayol and the Principle of Unity Direction

Henri Fayol was a French mining executive that made significant contributions to administrative management theory. He developed 14 principles that he attributed to his management success. One of these theories is the principle of unity of direction. This theory states there should only be one leader and one plan for a series of activities seeking the accomplishment of the same objective. For example, we have three different work teams all completing tasks for the same project. Based on the theory, these teams should all be using the same project plan and being led by the same project leader. This is basically the idea of project management as used in modern businesses.


There are three main points of rationale behind the principle of unity of direction: building efficient organization and management structures, avoiding unnecessary duplication of effort, and minimizing the waste of organizational resources. The idea is that each department of an organization is responsible for specific objectives and uses one plan to complete each objective. One person is in charge of implementing and managing the execution of the plan.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account