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Project Management Best Practices & Techniques

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  • 0:01 Project Management
  • 0:45 Creating a Foundation
  • 1:18 Best Practices & Techniques
  • 4:33 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Brianna Whiting

Brianna has a masters of education in educational leadership, a DBA business management, and a BS in animal science.

In this lesson, we'll define the term project management and explore some of the best practices and techniques project managers can use to help increase the success of a project.

Project Management

Let's imagine that you work for Sewing Suits, which is a company that makes a variety of high-end clothing products. For the last two years, your duties involved operating a sewing machine and occasionally helping with miscellaneous administrative duties, like answering the phone. While your job has always been good, you recently noticed that a management position has come open and you're very interested. As you look over the duties, you realize that the main responsibility for the position requires the candidate to understand project management, specifically running and overseeing a project from start to finish. Before you apply, you decide that it would be best to brush up your skills and knowledge about project management so that you are able to explain some best practices to follow for project management.

Creating a Foundation

Before we look into the best practices and techniques of project management, let's first explain and define what project management is. Project management is a term used to describe the utilization of resources to plan and oversee a project from start to finish. In other words, it's the practice of planning a project and using the tools and resources a company has available so that it can be successfully completed. As this lesson progresses, we'll learn the best practices and techniques of helping a project transition from start to finish by planning appropriately and using an organization's resources.

Best Practices & Techniques

Because most organizations want to do everything better, cheaper, and more efficiently, it's not surprising that project management also often pursues these goals. This means that many companies want projects to not only be completed successfully, they want them completed faster, cheaper, and better. This means that a company needs to understand and use practices and techniques that are capable of making a good project even better.

Before a project begins, it's important for a company to plan it out first. This means explaining and outlining all of the details of the project. This can help a company reduce unnecessary costs, minimize the duration of the project, and increase the quality of the project. For example, if you were interviewing for the open position, you might give an overview of the project, explain the objectives of the project, discuss the risks of the project, outline the approach to complete the project, explain who will be helping with the project, and go over the costs of the project.

Creating a project work plan in which the company assigns any resources that will be used and determines the timeframe in which the project will be completed is also important. For example, you might explain in your interview that in order to complete a project successfully, you'll need to set a start time and a completion time so that the project stays on task.

You'll also want to understand the scope of the project and know what you plan to accomplish by completing the project. It's also a great way to set the boundaries of the project. Knowing the scope of the project will help determine how much work is needed to complete the project. For example, while interviewing for the project manager position, you might state that the scope will give the details of why the project is being completed and how it will be completed.

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