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Properties of Matter Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:03 What is Matter?
  • 0:47 Physical Properties of Matter
  • 1:34 Does All Matter Have…
  • 2:07 Chemical Properties of Matter
  • 2:55 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jeremy Cook

Jeremy has been teaching in elementary education for 13 years and holds a master's degree in Education

Look around you. Everything you can see, touch or feel is made of matter, and matter has different properties. In this lesson, you will learn about matter as well as its physical and chemical properties.

What Is Matter?

Matter is all around us. It's all the stuff in the universe - anything that takes up space. Your computer, the walls around you, the clouds in the air, and the massive sun 92 million miles away are all made of matter.

If you think about the things around you and how they look, act, and feel, you may realize that matter comes in different states: solid, liquid and gas. Take water, for example. When it's frozen into ice, it's a solid, but when it's melted, it's a liquid. When you boil water and it rises up as steam, the water become gas.

All matter in all its different states has physical properties and chemical properties. Let's explore these properties.

Physical Properties of Matter

A physical property is any characteristic of matter that's observable. If you were to pick up an apple, how would you describe it? It's smooth, hard, red, and tastes sweet. These are some observable properties.

In physics, the physical properties also include anything that can be measured. There are two very important physical properties:

  • Volume: how much space matter takes up
  • Mass: the amount of matter in a given object

It can be easy to confuse these two properties, but remember that volume is different than mass. A simplified way to think about it is that mass is weight and volume is size. Think of a brick and a large shoebox. The brick weighs more (has more mass) than the shoebox, but takes up less space (has less volume) than the shoebox.

Does All Matter Have Volume and Mass?

All matter (everything around you) has both volume and mass. Think about it - can you think of anything that doesn't have weight or take up space? Anything that has a physical presence is considered matter, and all matter has volume and mass.

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