Copyright

Protein Synthesis Lesson for Kids

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: ATP Lesson for Kids: Definition & Biology

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:03 What Is Protein Synthesis?
  • 0:38 How Does Protein…
  • 1:15 Transcription
  • 1:43 Translation
  • 2:57 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Rebecca Gillaspy

Dr. Gillaspy has taught health science at University of Phoenix and Ashford University and has a degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic.

Protein synthesis is a fancy term that means making protein. In this lesson, we'll learn about protein synthesis and the two steps of this process: transcription and translation.

What Is Protein Synthesis?

When you want to make a cake, you follow a recipe. That recipe tells you what ingredients to use and what equipment you'll need, like a mixer and bowl. When the cells of your body want to make protein, they follow a recipe.

Protein synthesis is a term that means making protein. The recipe for protein synthesis uses ingredients like mRNA, tRNA, and amino acids as well as a special piece of equipment called a ribosome. In this lesson, we'll talk about how your cells use the ingredients of protein synthesis to build new proteins inside of ribosomes.

How Does Protein Synthesis Work?

There are a lot of different proteins in your body, and each protein has its own secret code. That secret code is found inside the nucleus of your cells in a molecule called DNA. To make a new protein, the secret code has to be smuggled out of the nucleus and get into a ribosome, which is a protein-making organelle. Organelles are like tiny factories inside your cells that take care of the cells' needs.

To get the secret code from the nucleus to the ribosome, we need a messenger. The messenger that carries the genetic information from the nucleus to the ribosome is called messenger RNA, or mRNA for short.

Transcription

There are two steps of protein synthesis: transcription and translation. mRNA is made during the first step of protein synthesis, which is transcription. If you transcribe something, it means you write it down. So, in this step, the DNA's genetic information, or secret code, gets written onto a strand of mRNA. Remember that DNA is found inside the nucleus of a cell. So, transcription takes place in the nucleus.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support