Pug Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

There are many kinds of dogs, and they come in different sizes, colors and have different personalities. Pugs are one kind of dog that are becoming popular with pet owners. This lesson will teach you about Pugs and what makes them unique.

What are Pugs?

If you've ever been walking down the street and seen a stout little dog with a flat face and curly tail that looks like it belongs to a pig, you may have seen a Pug! Pugs are small, sturdy dogs with curly tails, round heads and thick necks. They also have flat, wrinkly faces and large, dark eyes. Their legs are short, and they have small, droopy ears. Their short fur is soft and shiny. They are either black or tan with a black face.

Tan Pug with Black Face
Tan Pug with Black Face

Pugs are purebreds, meaning their parents, grandparents, great-grandparents and so on were all Pugs, too. They each have the same features, like those curly tails, and don't have any other kind of dog in their family history. In fact, Pugs are one of the oldest purebred dog breeds!

Pugs are small dogs that weigh between 14 and 18 pounds when they are full grown, and can live to be about 15 years old. That's 73 in human years!

Where did Pugs Come From?

The first place Pugs are known to have come from is China more than 2,000 years ago. Pugs lived as pets in monasteries, which were buildings where religious people lived and worshiped. Chinese rulers also valued Pugs, and they lived in very fancy palaces with them. Sometimes Pugs even had their own guards to protect them!

Black Pugs
Two Black Pugs

The word Pug may have come from an old word meaning fist, because its head is round and squished and looks like your fist, or from a kind of monkey, the marmoset pug monkey, that looked like the dog.

People began bringing Pugs to other countries, like Holland, France, England and eventually the United States. The Pug is now among the top 40 most popular breeds in the United States, and it even has its own national breed club!

Pug Health

Pugs can have some health problems that owners and breeders must watch out for. Because their face is flat, they can have trouble breathing. Their nose holes are narrow and can be blocked on the inside, making it hard for them to get enough air. Their eyes are also very big, and can be easily injured because they stick out from their face. They can also become too dry because their eyelid may not cover the whole eye. Bone and skin problems can also be found in this breed.

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