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Puma Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

You may have heard of the brand of clothes and shoes called 'Puma', but did you know that this line of clothing is actually named after a cat? Learn about the habitat, diet, and life cycle of this cat that lives among us called the puma.

What Are Pumas?

Pumas are members of the cat or feline family. They are mammals, meaning they have fur or hair, are warm-blooded, and give birth to live babies. Pumas go by lots of different names, including cougar and mountain lion.

Pumas are large members of the cat family.
puma

They are pretty large, but they are still in the small cat category. Pumas can be as long as 8 feet long from nose to tail. That's longer than a tall adult is tall! They can weigh between 75 and 160 pounds, which is about as much as a small adult human. Male pumas usually weigh more than female pumas. The name puma means 'cat of one color' because even though they can be lots of different colors, pumas do not have any markings on their fur, like stripes or spots.

Where Do Pumas Live?

Pumas can live in lots of different places. They live mostly in western North America and central South America. They like places with lots of brush and bushes or rocky areas so they can sneak up on their prey, but they can also live in plains, forests, swamps, or deserts. Humans have started to harm pumas' habitats because they are cutting down trees, which means that pumas have less forest in which to live. Because of this, pumas have to find other places to make their homes.

What Do Pumas Eat?

Pumas are carnivores, which are are animals that eat other animals. Pumas are really good hunters because they can be sneaky and catch their prey off guard.

A puma stalking its prey
puma

They have strong legs that help them jump out from their hiding areas to catch their prey. Pumas will eat most animals that they can catch, including deer, elk, and sheep.

How Do Pumas Grow?

Baby pumas are called cubs. Mother cubs give birth to one litter, or group, of 1-6 cubs every 2 to 3 years. When the cubs are born, they have spots, blue eyes, and rings around their tails. The spots go away as they grow older.

Puma cubs look very different from adult pumas.
puma

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