Rabbit Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Rabbits are common in stories, cartoons, and especially on certain holidays! In this lesson, learn about different types of rabbits, their habitats and diet, and special physical features that help them survive in the wild.

Types of Rabbits

Quick! Name all of the famous rabbits that you know from television, books, or holidays! You can probably think of quite a few! But what do you know about rabbits in the wild? Let's explore these cute animals a little further.

Rabbits are mammals, which means they are warm-blooded, have backbones and hair. There are around thirty different species of wild rabbits, and they can weigh anywhere from less than a pound to over four pounds. These furry creatures can be found all over the world. Perhaps you have seen one of the most common types, the Eastern Cottontail. These wild animals have a white tail that looks exactly like a cotton ball!

It is easy to see how the Eastern Cottontail Rabbit gets its name!
Eastern Cottontail Rabbit

Habitat and Diet

Rabbits like to live in groups, and they can be found in grasslands, forests, meadows, and even deserts! Some rabbits like to create burrows, or dig holes and tunnels in the ground. This is where they often give birth to their young. Males are called bucks, and females are referred to as does.

Rabbits are herbivores, which means they eat only plants. You can try giving a rabbit some carrots, since this is common in cartoons. However, a wild rabbit would probably prefer grasses or leaves for lunch. If you have a backyard, you may notice around dusk a rabbit nibbling on grass if the environment is quiet.

Rabbit holes are burrows that create tunnels underground for rabbits to find shelter.
Rabbit burrow

Physical Characteristics

Rabbits have special body features to help them survive in the wild. They have sharp long claws, which help them dig their burrows for protection. Their long ears are not only cute, but they provide sensitive hearing which can help them locate predators. Other than the white cottontail, rabbits have coloring that blends in easily with their surroundings. This helps them to disappear into the environment and escape the gaze of predators. And if all of those adaptions fail, they have strong hind feet that can help them run quickly to safety!

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