Back To Course

ACT Prep: Help and Review43 chapters | 409 lessons

Watch short & fun videos
**
Start Your Free Trial Today
**

Start Your Free Trial To Continue Watching

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Free 5-day trial
Your next lesson will play in
10 seconds

Lesson Transcript

Instructor:
*Jennifer Beddoe*

A radical expression is any mathematical expression containing a radical symbol (√). This lesson will go into more detail about the types of radical expressions and give some examples of how to work with them in mathematics. There will be a quiz at the end of the lesson.

In mathematics, a **radical expression** is defined as any expression containing a **radical** (âˆš) symbol. Many people mistakenly call this a 'square root' symbol, and many times it is used to determine the square root of a number. However, it can also be used to describe a cube root, a fourth root, or higher. When the radical symbol is used to denote any root other than a square root, there will be a superscript number in the 'V'-shaped part of the symbol. For example, 3âˆš(8) means to find the **cube root** of 8. If there is no superscript number, the radical expression is calling for the square root.

The term underneath the radical symbol is called the **radicand**.

The terms radical and radicand are both derived from the Latin word 'radix,' which means 'root'. The reason for this is that the root is the source of something (like the root of a word); if you square or cube a number, the number that it came from is the root, while the number itself (the radicand) grows from that root. The first usage of these terms was seen in England in the mid 1600s. They were first used in a book called *An Introduction to Algebra* by John Pell.

To solve a problem involving a square root, simply take the square root of the radicand. The **square root** of a number is the number that, when multiplied by itself, or **squared**, is equal to the radicand.

For example, âˆš(25) = 5 because 5 x 5 = 25

If there is a **subscript number** in front of the radical symbol, that number tells you how many times a number should be multiplied by itself to equal the radicand. It is the opposite of an exponent, just like addition is the opposite of subtraction or division is the opposite of multiplication.

Back to the example with the cube root of 8, 3âˆš(8) = 2 because 2^3 = 8, or 2 x 2 x 2 = 8.

Similarly, 5âˆš(243) = 3 because 3^5 = 243 (3 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 = 243).

1.) Solve âˆš(64)

Since 8^2 = 64 the square root of 64 is 8, so the answer to this problem is 8.

2.) Solve 3âˆš(343)

The cube root of 343 is 7 (7^3 = 343)

3.) 5âˆš(243)

equals 3 (3^5 = 243)

There are certain circumstances where finding the root of a number is impossible or the result might be something unexpected.

One case is with **negative numbers**. If the root needed is an even number, such as the square root or fourth root, the root is an **imaginary number**. There is no real root. This is because there is no number that can be multiplied to itself to equal a negative number. If the problem is looking for an odd root, the radicand can be negative. This is because a number multiplied three times (or five, or any other odd amount) can be negative. For example, -3 * -3 * -3 = -27.

If the radicand is 1, then the answer will be 1, no matter what the root is. This is because 1 times itself is always 1.

A radicand of 0 results in an answer of 0, no matter the root.

**Radical expressions** are mathematical expressions that contain a âˆš. It does not have to be a square root, but can also include cube roots, fourth roots, fifth roots, etc. The way to determine which type of root is by the superscript number in front of the radical. Finding the root of a number is the opposite operation from raising a number to a power. To find the **root** of a number, just determine which number, when raised to the power defined by the superscript, is equal to the **radicand**.

**Radical Expression**: a mathematical expression that includes a radical**Radical**:The symbol âˆš**Radicand**: The number inside the radical symbol**Square Root**: The number that when multiplied to itself equals the radicand**Root**: The number that when raised to the power defined by the subscript equals the radicand

When you are done, you should be able to:

- Identify a radical expression
- Name the components of a radical expression
- Recall the special roots of negative numbers, 1, and 0
- Solve problems involving root numbers

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

Create your account

Already a member? Log In

BackDid you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

You are viewing lesson
Lesson
18 in chapter 12 of the course:

Back To Course

ACT Prep: Help and Review43 chapters | 409 lessons

- How to Find the Square Root of a Number 5:42
- Estimating Square Roots 5:10
- Simplifying Square Roots When not a Perfect Square 4:45
- Simplifying Expressions Containing Square Roots 7:03
- Radicands and Radical Expressions 4:29
- Evaluating Square Roots of Perfect Squares 5:12
- Factoring Radical Expressions 4:45
- Simplifying Square Roots of Powers in Radical Expressions 3:51
- Multiplying then Simplifying Radical Expressions 3:57
- Dividing Radical Expressions 7:07
- Simplify Square Roots of Quotients 4:49
- Rationalizing Denominators in Radical Expressions 7:01
- Addition and Subtraction Using Radical Notation 3:08
- Multiplying Radical Expressions with Two or More Terms 6:35
- Solving Radical Equations: Steps and Examples 6:48
- Solving Radical Equations with Two Radical Terms 6:00
- Negative Square Root: Definition & Overview 8:13
- Radical Expression: Definition & Examples 4:00
- Go to ACT Math - Radicals: Help and Review

- NES Social Science: Help & Review
- Computer Science 311: Artificial Intelligence
- View High School: English 4
- View High School: English 3
- View High School: English 2
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Current Environmental Problems
- FTCE Prep Product Comparison
- TExES Prep Product Comparison
- Study.com ASVAB Scholarship: Application Form & Information
- Study.com GED Scholarship: Application Form & Information
- Study.com GACE Scholarship: Application Form & Information
- Study.com CSET/CBEST Scholarship: Application Form & Information
- Study.com NES Scholarship: Application Form & Information

- Managing the Effects of Global Change on Organizations
- Tire Marks Forensic Examination: Methods & Purpose
- Using Concept Maps to Plan Instruction
- Substance Abuse & Juvenile Delinquency: Prevention & Correction Strategies
- Script, Process, Product & Audience as Elements of Theatre
- Health Outcomes for Older Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions
- How to Give Feedback to a New Boss: Strategies & Examples for Employees
- Adsorption of Gases: Definition & Examples
- Quiz & Worksheet - Analyzing The Allure of Free
- Quiz & Worksheet - Rape Kits Utilization
- Quiz & Worksheet - Forensic Pathologists Duties
- Quiz & Worksheet - Importance of EBP
- Quiz & Worksheet - Development of Geometric Thought
- International Law & Global Issues Flashcards
- Foreign Policy, Defense Policy & Government Flashcards

- Middle School US History: Tutoring Solution
- CLEP History of the United States I: Study Guide & Test Prep
- AP US History: Exam Prep
- High School World History Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans
- Algebra II: Credit Recovery
- WEST Middle Level Humanities: Washington State History
- NMTA: Scarcity, Choice & the Production Possibilities Curve
- Quiz & Worksheet - Mental Institutions in the 1950s
- Quiz & Worksheet - Teaching Math Vocabulary
- Quiz & Worksheet - Cyanide Formula & Effects
- Quiz & Worksheet - Bronsted-Lowry Acids
- Quiz & Worksheet - Cultural Bias in Testing

- What is Central Government? - Definition & Roles
- Tiger Shark Facts: Lesson for Kids
- LSAT Tips
- What Are Good SAT Subject Test Scores?
- And Then There Were None Lesson Plan
- SAT Subject Tests: Registration & Test Dates
- Is it Good to Listen to Music While Studying?
- Exquisite Corpse Lesson Plan
- AP Biology Exam Date
- Boston Tea Party Lesson Plan
- What Is the SAT Subject Test?
- Best PSAT Prep Book

Browse by subject