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Reflection Questions: Definition and Examples

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  • 0:00 What is a Reflection Question?
  • 1:27 Process Reflection Questions
  • 2:19 Product Reflection Questions
  • 3:04 Feedback Questions
  • 3:51 Self-Assessment Questions
  • 4:29 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Clio Stearns

Clio has taught education courses at the college level and has a Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction.

Reflecting on learning is one of the best ways to consolidate skills and knowledge that a student has acquired. In this lesson, you will learn what makes a good reflection question, and you will see some examples of how a reflection question might look.

What Is a Reflection Question?

Say you worked hard for two weeks on a project about earth science for school. You have a nice poster board collage, a paper to go with it, and you presented the project in front of a class. You expect to be asked questions about the science itself, but instead, your teacher asks you, 'So, what do you think you did well during this project?' You immediately have to think in a different way. I mean, what kind of a question is that?

A reflection question is what we call any question that makes a student look back over what or how they have learned. Reflection questions often assess metacognitive skills, otherwise known as thinking about how we think and learn. Reflection questions are important for a number of different reasons. By encouraging students to reflect on their learning, these sorts of questions help students:

  • Consolidate the knowledge and skills they have acquired in a lesson or unit
  • Get to know themselves better as learners, thinkers, and community members
  • Provide important feedback to their teachers and to their peers
  • Generate questions and ideas to propel future learning experiences

There are a number of different ways to think about using reflection questions with your students. Now that you have seen some of the reasons reflection questions are important, we will learn about four types of reflection questions, including examples of each type. These types of questions are:

  • process reflection questions
  • product reflection questions
  • feedback questions
  • self-assessment questions

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