Regions of Texas: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Shelly Merrell

Shelly has a Master's of Education. Most recent professional experience is an educational diagnostician. Prior, she taught for 8 years.

Studying geography, or the physical features of land, can be very interesting! We can discover why people and animals live in certain areas called regions. In this lesson, we will learn about the geography and four regions of the Lone Star State, Texas!

What Are the Regions of Texas?

Pack your binoculars, water bottle and jacket. Let's explore Texas, the second largest state in the union!

Texas Regions Map
Texas Regions

Central Plains Region

The Central Plains region, or division of land, is the area labeled #1 on the Texas map.


Use your binoculars to spot the squirrels, rabbits, and deer in this region. This area is also home to several cattle ranches.


Cotton, corn, and wheat are farmed here. Common trees for this area include pecan, pine, maple and peach.


In the summer, it can be very hot in this region. Time to get out your water bottle! Sometimes there's little rain, which may cause a drought. High winds and storms are common here, especially in the spring. This region is part of an area that runs through the central contiguous United States known as 'Tornado Alley.'


This region features rolling plains and rock ridges.

Great Plains Region

This region is furthest north. It's labeled #2 on the map. A common nickname for this region is the 'Texas Panhandle.'


Get your binoculars again as rattlesnakes, jack rabbits, coyotes and prairie dogs make their home here. You may see bighorn sheep or longhorn cattle on ranches too!


Livestock are fed with crops that easily grow here in the fertile soil, including corn and grain. Cotton is also plentiful in this region.


It can be very hot in the summer here...and it can get so cold and windy in the winter that blizzards occur! This area can also experience frequent tornadoes, making it another region which is part of 'Tornado Alley.'


This region is mostly flat but some areas feature basins, or bowl-like hollows in the ground, and even majestic canyons.

Palo Duro Canyon in the Great Plains Region
Palo Duro

Gulf Coastal Plains Region

This region is in the south of the state and is labeled #3 on the map. This region borders the Gulf of Mexico.


In the Gulf, you may spy many aquatic creatures including fiddler crabs and sea turtles. Along marshes, you may even see alligators! White-tailed deer and armadillos live in forests in this region.


We can find seaweed in the Gulf and cypress and pecan trees throughout this region. Even citrus fruit can grow in this humid, sunny climate!


The weather varies in this region from mild to very hot. Because it's a coastal region, this area gets the most rain and hurricanes.

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