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Resolving Armed Conflicts through Diplomacy & Peace-Keeping Tactics

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson goes over four different ways by which the world's nations seek to prevent or stop armed conflicts. This includes peace-keeping organizations, conferences, treaties, and talks.

I Bring You Peace

War is easy. Avoiding it or bringing it to an end is a completely different story. Anyone can fire a gun, but few can flush out meaningful, conflict-resolving, strategies, or conversations.

Luckily for us, most countries have people who try to resolve conflicts without having to fire a shot. Or, if they don't, there are international organizations that try to do so on their behalf.

In this lesson, we go over how armed conflicts have been avoided or resolved in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Instruments of Peace

There are numerous ways by which the nations of this world can stop or prevent conflict, and this includes various organizations, treaties, and conferences.

Among other reasons, one of the most important peace-keeping organizations in the world is, without a doubt, the United Nations. It exists to prevent conflicts between countries as much as it does to stop existing conflicts between warring nations.

Peace conferences are another method of conflict resolution. They are meetings where numerous countries have a sit-down and heart to heart about bringing a conflict to an end in an amicable manner.

Peace conferences sometimes end in treaties. A treaty, specifically a peace treaty, is an agreement between two countries to end a war or conflict.

Examples

One of the most famous examples of a peace conference is the Paris Peace Conference of 1919-1920. The Paris Peace Conference was an effort between multiple nations to bring World War I to a formal close.

It resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, a document which ended the war between Germany and the allied powers like France and Britain.

This peace conference and treaty is an excellent example for three main reasons.

First, it clearly put a formal end to World War I.

Second, the crippling terms it forced Germany to submit to are often blamed for the start of World War II. This highlights the fact that a formal resolution for peace can go terribly wrong if improperly implemented.

Third, it created a peace-keeping organization called the League of Nations, a predecessor to the U.N. of sorts.

But the League of Nations, which was meant to protect the world from another world war, ultimately collapsed. Among the reasons? The world's major power, the United States, never joined.

This goes to show you that peace is a bilateral or multilateral effort and that it is rarely achieved unless everyone bands together for its cause.

Beyond Treaties, Organizations, and Conferences

The international community has tried to resolve or maintain peace in ways other than formal multi-national peace conferences, treaties, or even via organizations like the U.N.

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