Robin Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: April Gwen Ellsworth

April has a master's degree in psychology and has experience teaching special populations from preschoolers to adults.

The little red-breasted robin is so well loved, it is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan and Wisconsin, as well as the national bird of Britain! Find out more interesting facts about the robin by reading on.

What is a Robin?

Robins are one of the most familiar songbirds. You may have seen one hopping in your yard, making a nest on a building ledge, or tugging at an earthworm in a park. These birds are easily spotted by their red or orange colored bellies.

Several birds have 'robin' in their names, but really there are two main types of robins: the American robin and European robin. The American robin was named by European colonists who first settled in America because the red-breasted bird reminded them of the robin they loved back home.

The European Robin

The European robin is a small, plump, brown and gray bird with a red face and breast. It is a favorite bird in Britain, where it is even the national bird, and is also found in western Asia and parts of North Africa.

European robins are very protective of the area where they live and gather food, and will defend it by singing a loud song and even fighting. Because of this, only one male robin lives in the same garden area at a time, but during breeding season his female partner joins him.

A European Robin

The American Robin

The American robin is a little larger than its European cousin, and has an orange or dull red breast. American robins are more social and live in flocks, which can include a quarter million robins during migration season! These popular birds are found throughout the United States, both in and outside of cities. If you leave some seeds or fruit out for robins, chances are they'll make your lawn their home and you'll be able to see them every day!

An American Robin

Eating habits

The saying, 'The early bird catches the worm,' easily describes robins, whose favorite food is the worm. It hunts by quietly listening, then hopping on the ground to find hidden earthworms. Robins also love almost any kind of fruit and often eat berries. They love insects, too.

Life Cycle of the Robin

In the spring, a male and female robin come together to form a family. Both gather twigs, grass, and paper to make their nest, which the female builds in a tree, on a ledge, or even in funny places like a teapot left outside. She uses mud to make the nest strong, and the European robin lines hers with feathers.

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