Rocks And Minerals Unit Plan

Instructor: John Hamilton

John has tutored algebra and SAT Prep and has a B.A. degree with a major in psychology and a minor in mathematics from Christopher Newport University.

Access this helpful unit plan as it offers hands-on activities and projects to educate your high schoolers about rocks and minerals. You'll be able to help students learn how to communicate, cooperate, and be creative with this topic.

Rocks and Minerals

Use this collection of lesson plans, activities, projects, and assessments to educate your high school students about rocks and minerals. From there, you can choose which specific areas you wish to teach. It is so important to teach your students about rocks and minerals because they compose our soil, and from our soil comes plants, oxygen, food, and literally life.

Step One - Introduction to Rocks and Minerals

Since the topic of rocks and minerals is so broad, a good place to start is with this handy general overview titled Rocks & Minerals Lesson Plan.

From there you can explain the concept of the lithoshere, which is the solid outer part of the planet where we live, and is composed mainly of rock. This Lithosphere Lesson Plan will provide more details for you to teach.

The next logical progression would be to explain soil, which is literally composed of broken down rocks and minerals. Both the Soil Lesson Plan and the What is Soil? - Lesson Plan offer you insight.

Step Two - Learning About the Rock Cycle

Now that you have taught your students an overview, the next step would be to explain the rock cycle. Utilize this Rock Cycle Lesson Plan. To spice up your lesson, you can add these Rock Cycle Activities and Rock Cycle Project Ideas.

Step Three - Learning About Types of Rocks

The topic of rocks and minerals is vast, so consider breaking the topic down into the three major types of rocks: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. These three types of rocks are composed of thousands of minerals. The following three lesson plans can assist your teachings:

Step Four - Activities, Projects, and Discussion Questions


Many famous scientists and geologists have contributed to the study of rocks and minerals. In this activity, divide your class into nine small groups. Then assign each group one of the following notable contributors to the field. When they are through researching, have each group give a presentation explaining their respective person's accomplishments related to the study of rocks and minerals.

  • Florence Bascom
  • Charles Darwin
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • James Hutton
  • Charles Lyell
  • John Wesley Powell
  • James F. Reilly
  • Harrison Schmitt
  • William 'Strata' Smith

For more ideas, try these Rock Art Activities and Mineral Activities for High School.


So many rocks and minerals are pleasing to the eye. In this ongoing project, your students will create a large wall mural, and each day they will add some drawings of different rocks and minerals. They can also add drawings of famous scientists, equipment used for collecting and studying rocks and minerals, as well as other related items.

Are you still looking for more fun and clever ideas? This resource includes a number of projects: Rocks and Minerals Project Ideas.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account