Roe Deer Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Kristin Pia Hayman

Kristin taught for over 10 years in the elementary classroom. She holds a B.A. in Journalism as well as a Master's Degree in Elementary Education.

The roe deer is a small species of deer that lives throughout Europe and parts of Asia. This lesson will look at the characteristics and lifestyle of these deer.

All About the Roe Deer

Have you ever seen the movie or read the books about Bambi? Bambi is a loveable and cute little deer who goes on a big adventure. But what type of deer is she? She's a roe deer! This lesson will focus on some of the characteristics and behaviors of these amazing creatures.

The scientific name for the roe deer is Capreolus and it is part of the family Cervidae. The males are sometimes called roe bucks. Guess what? When the male roe deer is scared, he barks like a dog!

Two Different Species

Believe it or not, there are actually two different roe deer species: the European roe deer (sometimes called the western roe deer) and the Siberian roe deer. They have similar behaviors and lifestyles, but the Siberian roe is usually a little bit bigger.

You can find roe deer all over Europe and Asia, with the western roe mainly in Europe, and the Siberian deer living in the high mountains in Asia.

Roe deer live throughout Europe and parts of Asia

Physical Characteristics

Compared to other types of deer, the roe deer is small. Male roe bucks are larger than the female deer, or doe, and they have short antlers and different markings on their head. Both male and female have very short tails, and some even look tailless!

In the summer months, the deer has a coat that looks thick and reddish-brown. But as the seasons change to winter, their hair becomes more grey and yellow. Also in the winter, they get a white patch on their backsides. Their black noses and white chins make them stand out.

These deer typically weigh as much as a teenager! The larger Siberian roe weight about 110 pounds, but European roe usually don't get to me more than 65 pounds. Even though they are a smaller deer, they still stand about two to three feet off of the ground.

Males have small antlers, while females do not

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