Roger Chillingworth in the Scarlet Letter: Character Analysis & Overview

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Megan Pryor

Megan has tutored extensively and has a Master of Fine Arts Degree in Fiction.

In this lesson, we will learn about Roger Chillingworth, one of the main characters in Nathaniel Hawthorne's 'The Scarlet Letter.' After a brief overview of the plot, we will analyze his character and several important themes pertaining to his character's development in this timeless classic.

Plot Overview

Have you ever had a relationship where your significant other cheated on you? Hopefully not, but if you have, you will better understand the motivations of the character Roger Chillingworth in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. Nathaniel Hawthorne's historical fiction novel was written in 1850, but it tells the story of a young puritan woman in 1640's Salem, Massachusetts, who commits adultery against her husband.

An Engraving Depicting Hester Prynne
Hester Prynne Being Punished

Hester Prynne, the heroine of The Scarlet Letter, commits adultery against her husband Roger Chillingworth, a wealthy English businessman, (only that isn't his real name). When he arrives in Salem, he finds out that his wife has had an affair with another man. In order to blend inconspicuously among the people of Salem, he changes his name and secretly attempts to locate and punish his wife's lover.

No one recognizes Chillingworth because he doesn't arrive in Salem until two years after his wife. He had remained behind in England to wrap up business, and then his ship wrecked during his journey to America. Many people assumed he didn't survive, but in puritan society, Hester's crime was still considered adultery even if her husband had died during the voyage.

Even though Hester is caught and punished, Chillingworth will not be satisfied until he completely destroys his wife's lover. He suspects the culprit is the Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale. As part of his plot for revenge, he moves in with him to tend to his failing health.

One night, Chillingworth checks on Dimmesdale and sees a red A on the minister's chest, proof that he is indeed Hester's lover. But just knowing this is not enough for Chillingworth. If anything, it heightens his need for revenge.

He devotes his life to destroying Dimmesdale. He torments him psychologically until the minister cannot take it anymore. When Dimmesdale finally confesses his sin and dies, Chillingworth's life purpose is suddenly gone. He too dies soon after. He leaves his fortune to Hester's illegitimate daughter, Pearl, even though the child is proof of her sin against him.

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  • 0:01 Plot Overview
  • 2:20 Character Analysis
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Character Analysis

Despite being wronged by his wife, Chillingworth loves Hester so much that he cannot hurt her or her baby. Instead, he turns his anger on his wife's lover. While Hester accepts the consequences of her actions and dutifully lives in social isolation with her daughter, Pearl, the affair is much more psychologically devastating for Dimmesdale and Chillingworth. Both men are destroyed: Dimmesdale by guilt and Chillingworth by hate.

Chillingworth's obsession with revenge affects his appearance. Although he is fairly unattractive at the beginning of the novel, with lopsided shoulders and an aged demeanor, the hatred transforms him into a devilish figure. When Dimmesdale dies, the passion in Chillingworth is extinguished, leaving him shriveled up.

Without either love or revenge to live for, Chillingworth dies shortly after Dimmesdale. Before he dies, however, he rewrites his will, leaving his fortune to Hester's daughter, Pearl. This act signifies that he has managed to free himself from the all-consuming hate at the very end.

Chillingworth's primary motivation and driving force is revenge. When he arrives in Salem, he expects to find his young wife waiting for him, and starting a family with her would have been the focus of his life. Instead, he is left with nothing but the desire for revenge.

He approaches this revenge from a scientific perspective. Even the name he adopts, Chillingworth, implies an aloof iciness. He is removed from all emotion. Even though he has been wronged at a very personal level, he pursues revenge with an exactitude of a detached and calculated scientific experiment.

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