Russia Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Step aside for the largest country in the world: Russia! Come and learn about the geography, weather, government and culture of this unique country. There are many interesting facts to be learned.

The Land of Russia

Moscow
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Did you know that Russia is the biggest country in the world? While it isn't the most populated, it is the largest in terms of area, which is more than 6.5 million square miles. That is more than 24 times bigger than the entire state of Texas! To give you some perspective about how massive Russia is, you should know that Canada is the second largest country and it isn't even 4 million square miles.

Russia's landscape is full of mountains and a few major cities, including St. Petersburg and Moscow, which is the capital. There are more than 140 million people who call Russia home and that number continues to grow every year.

Since we know Russia is so big, why isn't it the most populated? One of the reasons is the extreme cold weather which makes parts of Russia almost unlivable. In fact, it can get down to -45 degrees Fahrenheit in Siberia, which is the coldest part of the country.

While Siberia in the wintertime isn't exactly a place that most people want to be, there are some parts of Russia that many tourists visit. For example, Russia has magnificent architecture, which has colorful, intricate onion-shaped domes with walls and ceilings covered in colorful artwork known as mosaics. One of the best ways to see the different attractions is by train; Russia has the longest railroad in the world.

Government

One of the most interesting times in Russian government was during the reign of the Romanovs, a 300-year-old dynasty, or a series of family members who ruled the country. The final Romanov family in power was led by Nicholas Romanov, who was not well-liked by the Russians because he led Russia to join World War I. Nicholas Romanov and his family were killed by the Russian people, all except his youngest daughter, who was never seen again.

Joseph Stalin
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Another dark time in Russian government was during Joseph Stalin's rule. From the 1920s to the 1950s, Joseph Stalin ruled Russia as a dictator, which meant that he killed the people who did not agree with him. In fact, it is estimated that Stalin was responsible for the deaths of more than 20 million people. Stalin also believed in a form of government called communism, a government system where no one is rich, and no one is poor, because every gets the same amount of money. Communism eventually led to the economic collapse of Russia.

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