San Francisco Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

San Francisco is a famous city located in California. In this lesson, explore the city's history, geography and climate, the culture and famous attractions that make it a popular place to visit!

City on the Bay

Let's travel to the city of the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, and rocky coastlines!

San Francisco is a large American city found in northern California. It is located on a peninsula, which is a strip of land surrounded by water on three sides. San Francisco is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the San Francisco Bay.

Many famous symbols of the United States are located in San Francisco, including the famous Golden Gate Bridge.

The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the most well known symbols of San Francisco.
San Francisco Bridge

History of San Francisco

The area of San Francisco was first settled by the Spanish in the late 1700s. Many people traveled to the San Francisco area in 1849, when the California Gold Rush gave people the hope of striking it rich!

There was a devastating earthquake and fire in 1906, and much of the city was destroyed. After much rebuilding, the city continued to grow throughout the 1900s. It is now one of the largest cities in the United States.

Geography and Climate

The geography of San Francisco is very hilly and this is actually one of the things the city is famous for! There are several famous streets where the roads wind and curve along the hills of the city, including Lombard Street. Much of the coastline is very rocky along the bay and the Pacific Ocean.

The coastlines of San Francisco are quite rocky.
rocky coastline

San Francisco is sometimes referred to as the 'Foggy City.' Can you guess the type of weather the city experiences based on this nickname? Thanks to the Pacific Ocean, the temperature in San Francisco does not vary much throughout the year. Winters are often rainy and summers can bring cool temperatures and foggy mornings.


There are many ways to travel and explore San Francisco. One of the most famous ways is by cable car. These trolleys have been zipping through the city since the late 1800s! San Francisco is one place that continues to have cable cars while other cities have decided to use different types of public transportation.

The cable car has been a mode of transportation in San Francisco for over one hundred years.
San Francisco transportation

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