Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners

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  • 0:03 Scaffolding
  • 1:26 Chunking
  • 1:57 Building on Student Knowledge
  • 3:40 Modeling
  • 4:12 Guided Practice
  • 4:54 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Marquis Grant
The number of English language learners (ELLs) in the classroom is on the rise, and teachers must have strategies for teaching these students. This lesson will highlight ways in which to scaffold instruction for ELLs to help them become successful in the classroom.

Scaffolding

As the number of English language learners (ELLs) in classrooms across the United States increases, there is a greater need to find ways to teach them so that they can be successful. In this lesson, we'll examine what it means to scaffold instruction, and we'll look at a few specific techniques: chunking, activating background knowledge, modeling information, and guided practice.

When you scaffold instruction, you break your teaching into smaller parts so that you do not give students too much information at once. You don't want to overwhelm students who are already struggling with many academic concepts, so breaking the information into smaller pieces helps them to absorb it without becoming frustrated.

Scaffolding instruction helps you to better support your students in the classroom by determining areas in which they're not doing well. When you assess student difficulties, it will allow you, as the teacher, to create a plan for re-teaching the specific part that may be causing them to struggle.

Many ELL students come to the classroom with little exposure to the English language. Other ELL students have no prior experiences with the English language and have difficulty with the learning process. That is why it is important for teachers to use various instructional methods, also known as differentiating instruction, so that all students have an opportunity to be successful learners in the classroom. Let's take a look at four scaffolding techniques that can be used to differentiate instruction.

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