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School Violence Prevention: Programs & Strategies

School Violence Prevention: Programs & Strategies
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  • 0:02 What Is School Violence?
  • 1:35 Strategies
  • 2:53 Programs
  • 4:50 Lesson Summary
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Instructor: Dawn Young

Dawn has a Juris Doctorate and experience teaching Government and Political Science classes.

School violence has a major impact on students' learning. But what is school violence and what can schools do to provide a safe learning environment? In this lesson, you will learn about various types of school violence and strategies and programs schools have put in place to prevent it.

What Is School Violence?

Whenever I think about school violence, my mind generally gravitates to school shootings. I vividly remember watching the news coverage, in 1999, the day two students at Columbine High School killed 12 students and a teacher. I also remember the sadness I felt, in 2007, when I saw on the news that a student at Virginia Tech had killed 32 people. While school violence can include the use of weapons on school grounds, it is not just limited to acts of armed aggression. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, tells us it also includes the more frequent events that take place like bullying, fighting, electronic aggression, and gang violence.

Let's define each of these terms:

  • Bullying is repeated verbal or physical aggression towards the same victim.
  • Fighting is participating in violence or aggression by means of shoving, hitting, slapping, punching, or kicking another student.
  • Electronic aggression (which is often referred to as cyberbullying) is identified as using cell phones, email and social networking to verbally harass, intimidate, and threaten another student.
  • Gang violence occurs when groups of students work together to commit crimes, as well as intimidate, threaten, and bully other students.

Because school violence has a large impact on a school's learning environment, the National Crime Prevention Council has outlined many strategies and programs that schools have or can put into place to combat and reduce violence. Let's check them out.

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