School Violence Prevention: Programs & Strategies

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: School Violence: Definition, History, Causes & Effects

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:02 What Is School Violence?
  • 1:35 Strategies
  • 2:53 Programs
  • 4:50 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Dawn Young

Dawn has a Juris Doctorate and experience teaching Government and Political Science classes.

School violence has a major impact on students' learning. But what is school violence and what can schools do to provide a safe learning environment? In this lesson, you will learn about various types of school violence and strategies and programs schools have put in place to prevent it.

What Is School Violence?

Whenever I think about school violence, my mind generally gravitates to school shootings. I vividly remember watching the news coverage, in 1999, the day two students at Columbine High School killed 12 students and a teacher. I also remember the sadness I felt, in 2007, when I saw on the news that a student at Virginia Tech had killed 32 people. While school violence can include the use of weapons on school grounds, it is not just limited to acts of armed aggression. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, tells us it also includes the more frequent events that take place like bullying, fighting, electronic aggression, and gang violence.

Let's define each of these terms:

  • Bullying is repeated verbal or physical aggression towards the same victim.
  • Fighting is participating in violence or aggression by means of shoving, hitting, slapping, punching, or kicking another student.
  • Electronic aggression (which is often referred to as cyberbullying) is identified as using cell phones, email and social networking to verbally harass, intimidate, and threaten another student.
  • Gang violence occurs when groups of students work together to commit crimes, as well as intimidate, threaten, and bully other students.

Because school violence has a large impact on a school's learning environment, the National Crime Prevention Council has outlined many strategies and programs that schools have or can put into place to combat and reduce violence. Let's check them out.


A major strategy that schools use to deter violence is to teach students to understand and appreciate other students' race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and culture. Teaching students at an early age to understand and appreciate the things that make people different, helps to reduce stereotypes and reduces incidences of bullying. In addition, a school can create a code of conduct for students to sign, agreeing to be respectful to other students, responsible for their behavior, and productive members of the school community.

Another strategy that schools employ to reduce school violence is the utilization of school resource officers. School resource officers are often times police officers but may also include security officers and trained counselors who make rounds of school property during school hours. They investigate criminal activity that occurs at the school and add a police presence to discourage crime. Additionally, these officers help build positive relationships between law enforcement and students.

As most parents who visit their children during school hours know, schools now require visitors to show identification to enter the school and a pass to visit the cafeteria or classroom. Schools also require employees to wear ID badges. This identification program helps school personnel and resource officers recognize who belongs in the school and helps keep the school secure.


One program put in place by school administrators is the availability of an anonymous student hotline. An anonymous student hotline is a resource students can use by calling or texting to report crime, drugs, bullying, or threats made to a school or student. These hotlines offer students a chance to report inappropriate behavior while protecting themselves from retaliation.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account