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Seal Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

You've seen seals at the zoo and in books and now you want to learn more about them! What kind of animal is a seal? This lesson will teach you all about the habitat, diet, and life cycle of a seal.

What Are Seals?

Sarah the seal is ready to start her own seal family! Let's journey with Sarah as she grows, eats, and finds a place for her family.

This seal is called a harp seal because it has a harp shaped pattern on its fin.
seal

Sarah is a type of animal called a marine mammal. A marine mammal is just like a regular mammal in that it has hair, gives birth to live babies, and is warm blooded. But unlike other mammals, marine mammals spend most of their time in the ocean. Sarah loves to swim and has had a great time swimming with her seal friends in the ocean. Sarah is a pretty small seal, only 3 and a half feet long (about the length of a first grader), but some of her seal friends and their parents are as long as 16 feet long. That's as long as about 3 adults!

Where Do Seals Live?

Sarah lives in the Arctic Ocean, but other seals live in Antarctica. Most seals live in cold water, and they come out of the water to have their babies on land and warm up by lying in the sun.

Seals live in the ocean and usually live in cold places.
seal

Sarah and her friends stay warm because they have fur and blubber on their bodies. Blubber is a thick layer of fat that seals and other animals have under their skin.

What Do Seals Eat?

Sarah is a carnivore! Carnivores are animals that eat meat only and no plants. Sarah's favorite food is fish, but she also eats squid and krill, which are tiny animals that look like shrimp. Sometimes when she is really hungry, Sarah can even eat a penguin! Sarah uses her whiskers to feel around for her food and her sharp teeth to tear meat off of her prey and swallow it whole.

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