Seasonal Unemployment: Definition & Examples

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Orin Davis

Orin holds a Ph.D. in Positive Organizational Psychology and a M.A. in Positive Organizational Psychology from Claremont Graduate University, as well as a B.S. in Neuroscience from Brandeis University. He has experience as a lecturer, teaching courses in Creativity, Critical Thinking, Psychology, Management, and Statistics.

Seasonal unemployment occurs when there is a limited need for a type of work to be performed during a particular period of the year, based on factors like deadlines or climate.

Seasonal Unemployment

Remember that warm day in May or June when school finished for the summer, and you were free of any scholastic obligations until the fall? You might have thought that your teachers had the same freedom, owing to their having no work to do in the summer (an example of seasonal unemployment). But the truth is that primary and secondary school teachers actually work all year round! They plan lessons, take professional development courses, and sometimes even teach summer school. There are many other professions, however, where there are limited work opportunities during certain seasons or time periods. People who work in those fields must find additional employment options for the slow seasons.

Seasonal unemployment occurs when there is limited need for a specific type of work to be performed during a certain time of the year. Professionals who work in a specific season often charge fees for their services, which provide the equivalent of an annual income, or work in multiple fields with different prime seasons.

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In almost any region that has both warm and cold seasons, or a dry and rainy season, people who do landscaping work only in the more pleasant, mild seasons. In large part, this is because significant precipitation can damage equipment, and snow can cover almost anything that would need to be landscaped (such as bushes or lawns). Additionally, working outside in inclement weather for long periods of time carries its own hazards and can be costly. Neither the worker nor client would want to incur the relevant fees to cover the hazard pay.

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