Seasons in India Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:02 The Six Seasons
  • 0:35 Spring
  • 1:21 Summer & Monsoon
  • 2:25 Autumn
  • 2:53 Pre-Winter & Winter
  • 3:46 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Did you know that seasons in India are different than in the rest of the world? Continue reading to learn about weather, culture, and other interesting facts associated with each of the six seasons in India.

The Six Seasons

Can you name the seasons? Spring, summer, fall (or autumn), and winter are the seasons observed in most places around the world. India, however, observes six seasons instead of four. This is because Hinduism is the main religion in India, and the Hindu calendar has six seasons.

The six seasons have names in the Sanskrit language, which is one of the languages spoken in India. Each season's name ends in the word ritu, which means 'season' in Sanskrit.


Spring is known as Vasant Ritu and is observed from February 19th to April 19th. During Vasant Ritu, the weather is nice, and the flowers are blooming. In fact, it's known as 'King of the Seasons' for its ideal weather. The Vernal Equinox takes place right in the middle of Vasant Ritu, as the earth's axis is not pointed away nor toward the sun. During the Vernal Equinox, both day and night are exactly 12 hours long.

India is a country that likes to celebrate, and one of its biggest celebrations takes place during this season. It's called the Holi Festival, and it's a celebration of good winning over evil. The people of India celebrate by covering themselves in different colors!


When we think of summer, most of us think of heat. This is no different in India. The summer, or Grishma Ritu, is the hottest season. Grishma Ritu takes place from April 20th to June 21st. During this time, some parts of India reach temperatures of 113 degrees!

There is also some rainfall that occurs during Grishma Ritu, including pre-monsoon rains known as 'mango showers.' Mango trees are pretty common along the coast in parts of India, and the rain makes the mangoes grow big and fruitful. These rain showers are just a preview of bigger storms to come.


Monsoon season, also known as Varsha Ritu, is one of the seasons that's not traditionally observed in other countries. Monsoons are very extreme winds that cause heavy amounts of rainfall. This season lasts from June 22nd to August 22nd. Many times, monsoons lead to extreme flooding of the streets of India. While it doesn't rain every day, it rains quite often.

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