Second Continental Congress Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has an Masters of Science in Mathematics and a Masters in Education

What was the Second Continental Congress, and what went on there? Answer these and other questions with students with this text-based lesson that uses an interactive game and activity, then tests understanding with a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain the background for the Second Continental Congress
  • describe the purpose and outcome of the Second Continental Congress


1 - 1.5 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2

Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3

Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5

Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.


Key Vocabulary

  • Delegates
  • Second Continental Congress

Warm-Up and Preparation

  • Distribute the lesson Second Continental Congress Lesson for Kids: Summary & Results, and read the first section 'Road to Freedom' together with students.
  • Break students into small groups to review the years leading up to 1776 and the Revolutionary War. Why did the colonists want their freedom?
  • Share answers as a whole group, and then ask:
    • What do the terms 'continental' and 'congress' mean?
    • Why may the colonists have formed a Continental Congress?
    • What strategies have you used in the past when you wanted change? Are they similar to forming a strategy group? How?

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