Sedimentary Rocks Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Teach your students about sedimentary rocks with this fun and interactive lesson plan. Students will read a text lesson that explains what sedimentary rocks are and how they're formed, working alongside the lesson in hands-on ways to make learning last.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain how sedimentary rocks are different from other types of rocks
  • outline how sedimentary rocks are formed
  • describe the three types of sedimentary rocks


1 - 1.5 hours


  • Copies of the lesson Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, one for each student
  • Clear plastic water bottles with lids
  • Water
  • Soil
  • Sand
  • Gravel
  • Leaves, roots, small sticks, and other dead plant material (consider having students gather as homework)
  • Index cards
  • Craft sticks
  • Tape

Key Vocabulary

  • Classic sedimentary rock
  • Chemical sedimentary rock
  • Organic sedimentary rock

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2

Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3

Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

Warm Up and Preparation

  • Prepare the sedimentary layers for the experiment later. Give each student a water bottle and have them layer the following materials inside the bottle, in order:
    • Gravel
    • Sand
    • Soil
    • Plant material
  • Ask students to label their notebooks 'Sedimentary Rocks' and draw a sketch of their bottles, labeling each layer.

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