Sedimentary Rocks Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to teach your students about sedimentary rocks. Students will watch an engaging video lesson describing sedimentary rocks, where and how they form, and how we categorize them. We include discussion questions, cooperative activities and a quiz to help learning stick.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define sedimentary rocks
  • explain where and how sedimentary rocks form
  • categorize sedimentary rocks


1 - 1.5 hours


  • Small plastic cups
  • Sand
  • Salt
  • Sugar
  • Liquid glue
  • Dye, if desired
  • Craft sticks
  • Samples of sedimentary rocks
  • Hand lenses, one for each student
  • Copies of the quiz, one for each student

Key Vocabulary

  • Sedimentary rocks
  • Clasts
  • Sediment
  • Lithification
  • Compaction
  • Cementation
  • Beds
  • Clastic rocks
  • Clay
  • Silt
  • Shale
  • Sandstone
  • Gravel
  • Conglomerate
  • Breccia
  • Tillite
  • Coal
  • Evaporites
  • Limestone
  • Dolomite
  • Chert

Curriculum Standards


Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.


Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

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