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Seguir Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

The Spanish verb 'seguir' means 'to follow' or 'to continue.' Continue improving your Spanish with this lesson, in which you'll learn the subjunctive and the imperative of this verb.

Follow Me!

How many people do you follow on social networks? Do you know any expressions to praise or encourage others in Spanish? In this lesson, we learn how to use the Spanish verb seguir (pronounced: seh-GEER; the u is silent!), which means 'to follow' or 'to continue.' Learning its conjugation will be useful to give instructions, cheer people up, and tell someone to follow you on social networks.

We'll see how to use this verb accurately in different contexts, taking a look at its conjugation in the subjunctive and the imperative through lots of daily life examples.

Translation: To follow
ducks

Present Subjunctive of Seguir

The subjunctive is a set of verbal forms that we use to express subjective information, such as wishes, hope and possibilities. We also use it to give negative commands. So, use the subjunctive of seguir to say that you hope that someone keeps it up or that you might continue doing an activity in the future.

Seguir is a stem-changing verb, so to form its present subjunctive we need its irregular stem sig-. Notice that the u from the infinitive disappears!

VERB: seguir (seh-GEER) - to follow/continue

Subject
Pronoun
Present
Subjunctive
Pronunciation Translation
yo siga (SEE-gah) I follow/continue
sigas (SEE-gahs) you follow/continue
él/ella
usted
siga (SEE-gah) he/she follows/continues -
you (formal) follow/continue
nosotros/
nosotras
sigamos (see-GAH-mohs) we follow/continue
vosotros/
vosotras
sigáis (see-GIYS) you all follow/continue
ellos/ellas
ustedes
sigan (SEE-gahn) they follow/continue
you all follow/continue

Note: You'll only hear the form vosotros/as in Spain, where speakers use it to address a group of people in an informal situation. In the rest of the Spanish-speaking countries, everyone uses the form ustedes.

Uses & Examples of Seguir in the Subjunctive

Take a look at the possible uses of this verb in the present subjunctive.

Expressing Wishes

Start your sentences with:

  • Espero que (I hope that)
  • Quiero que (I want that)
  • Ojalá (Hopefully)

Elsa teaches Spanish at high school level. She's a very patient and encouraging teacher. She tells her students:

  • Espero que todos me sigan. (I hope you all are following me.) Si alguien no entiende, que me lo diga, por favor. (If anyone doesn't understand, please let me know.)

Today she has corrected her students' essays. She has written her feedback on Laura's essay:

  • ¡Buen trabajo, Laura! (Good job, Laura!) ¡Ojalá sigas así! (I hope you continue like this!)

Talking about Possibilities

Use these introductory expressions:

  • Es probable que (It's probable that)
  • Es posible que (It's possible that)
  • Probablemente (Probably)
  • Posiblemente (Possibly)

At the end of the lesson, Elsa talks with Laura, who is very happy with her results.

Elsa: ¿Es probable que sigas estudiando lenguas el próximo año? (Will you probably continue studying languages next year?)

Laura: Sí, probablemente siga estudiando latín, francés y literatura. (Yes, I'll probably continue studying Latin, French, and Literature.)

Translation: I will probably continue studying French.
book

Note: When seguir is followed by another verb, this must be a present participle (a form ending in -ando or -iendo).

Expressing Necessity

In order to express necessity (or lack of it), use the structures:

  • Hace falta que (You/we need to)
  • No hace falta que (You/we don't need to)

After the lesson, Laura goes to the library with her friends. They need to review for their test tomorrow. After a couple of hours, they are exhausted. Laura says:

  • No hace falta que sigamos estudiando. (We don't need to continue studying.) Ya nos lo sabemos bien. (We already know everything well.)

Expressing Commands with Seguir

The set of verbal forms we use to give direct orders or commands in Spanish depends on whether the command is affirmative or negative. Let's take a look.

Affirmative Commands

Do you have a Twitter account or any other social networks? If so, you might probably want to say to your friends and acquaintances ''Follow me''. This is a direct command and we need to use the imperative in Spanish.

The good news is that most of the imperative forms are identical to the subjunctive, EXCEPT FOR two new forms you need to learn ( and vosotros/as).

VERB: seguir (seh-GEER) - to follow/continue

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