Sentences Using Ser

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  • 0:00 ''Ser'' for Specific Things
  • 0:42 Names & Relationships
  • 1:28 Physical Aspects & Personality
  • 2:25 Nationality & Profession
  • 3:00 Materials & Event Places
  • 3:48 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

In this lesson, you'll find a few guidelines to help you with the use of the verb 'ser' in the context of specific sentences. By following those guidelines, the verb will always be used appropriately.

Ser for Specific Things

The verb ser, which means 'to be,' has some specific uses that you can learn in order to use it in the context of conversations. The correct usage of this important verb is essential in any language and is not difficult if you learn how to use it.

Naturally, you use the verb by conjugating it in the desired tense and for the appropriate person. For instance, 'I am' is Yo soy. 'They were' is Ellos fueron. In other words, you must know how to conjugate the verb first. So, please be sure you understand how to conjugate ser before continuing this lesson.

Names and Relationships

If you wish to tell what your name is, you must use the verb ser. Here is an example of this use:

  • Yo soy Patricia y ella es Carol. (I am Patricia and she is Carol.)

Note that, in Spanish, you can also say me llamo, which means 'I call myself,' followed by your name to mean 'My name is. . .'

When expressing the relationship that ties a person with another, whether because of work, family ties, or legal ties, one must use ser. Here are some examples of this use:

  • John es mi jefe. (John is my boss.)
  • Nosotros somos hermanos. (We are brothers.)
  • Lauren es mi suegra. (Lauren is my mother-in-law.)

Physical Aspects and Personality

The verb ser is always used with the use of adjectives that serve to describe physical characteristics of a person, object, or animal. Here are some examples for each case:

  • Erika es alta y delgada. (Erika is tall and thin.)
  • La mesa es nueva. (The table is new.)
  • Mi perro es grande. (My dog is big.)

Colors are also a physical characteristic. When referring to colors, always use ser. Here is an example:

  • Mi coche es rojo. (My car is red.)

The use of adjectives that serve to describe personality or intellectual features also always uses the verb ser, as in these examples:

  • Pedro es inteligente. (Pedro is intelligent.)
  • Mi gato es muy independiente. (My cat is very independent.)

Nationality and Profession

When expressing your place of origin, you use ser. The same happens for nationality. Here are two examples:

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