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Ser Conjugation: Present & Future Tense

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  • 0:00 What Does ''Ser'' Mean?
  • 0:36 Present Simple of ''Ser''
  • 1:29 Future of ''Ser''
  • 2:19 Meanings
  • 4:59 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

In this lesson we will learn about the Spanish verb 'ser' ('to be') and its conjugation in both present and future tenses. We will also study its basic meanings and the expressions in which this verb can be used.

What Does Ser Mean?

Where are you from? What is your profession? What do you look like? In order to answer these and thousands of questions in Spanish, we need to use the verb ser (sehr; 'to be'). This is normally the very first verb we learn in order to introduce ourselves and talk about nationality, profession, and loads of other subjects.

Ser is a special verb in the sense that it is quite different in every tense, but also because of its multiple meanings and uses. Let's take a look at its conjugation first.

Present Simple of Ser

The verb ser is irregular in the present tense, which means we will need to learn every conjugation by heart. All of them, except for the second and third person singular, keep the s- from the stem. Let's review how to conjugate ser in present simple tense with a helpful table:

VERB: ser (sehr) - to be

Subject Pronouns Ser Conjugation: Present Simple Pronunciation Translation
yo soy soy I am
eres EH-rehs you are
él/ella/usted es ehs he/she is - you formal are
nosotros/nosotras somos SOH-mohs we are
vosotros/vosotras sois soys you all are
ellos/ellas/ustedes son sohn they/you all formal are

Future of Ser

In opposition, the future tense conjugation of ser is regular, so it is probably easier to learn. When forming the future in Spanish we always take the infinitive (ser in this case) and add the endings that correspond to each person.

VERB: ser (sehr) - to be

Subject Pronouns Ser Conjugation: Future Pronunciation Translation
yo seré seh-REH I will be
serás seh-RAHS you will be
él/ella/usted será seh-RAH he/she/you formal will be
nosotros/nosotras seremos seh-REH-mohs we will be
vosotros/vosotras seréis seh-RAYS you all will be
ellos/ellas/ustedes serán seh-RAHN they/you all formal will be

Meanings

The Spanish verb ser is used, in most cases, to refer to things or situations that are permanent or cannot change, in opposition to estar (meaning 'to be' as well), which is normally used for temporary situations. Therefore, we use ser in order to talk about nationality, professions, characteristics such as color or personality, among many others.

Let's take a look at its most common uses:

VERB: ser (sehr) - to be

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