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Setting of Othello

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  • 0:02 Setting in Works of Drama
  • 0:52 Setting in Shakespearean Works
  • 2:13 Setting in Othello
  • 3:27 Setting's Significance: Venice
  • 4:25 Cyprus
  • 5:28 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor
Adam Hembree

Adam has an MA in English. He has taught a range of literature and theatre subjects at the university level. He has also worked as a writing tutor and academic advisor.

Expert Contributor
Jenna Clayton

Jenna received her BA in English from Iowa State University in 2015, and she has taught at the secondary level for three years.

This lesson defines 'setting' in drama, focusing on how the setting affects a play in important ways. Then we'll discuss how Shakespeare uses setting to influence audience reception in Othello, which takes place in early modern Venice and Cyprus.

Setting in Works of Drama

When you see a play, do you notice where and when it takes place? Would it matter if it were different? Famous Greek Philosopher Aristotle recommended that good drama maintain a unity of time and place, meaning that a play should take place in one spot and over a realistic span of time. Some plays do this, but many do not, scattering their events across diverse locations and time periods.

The setting of a play is the location in place and time of its events. The setting influences many important elements in a play. The location affects our expectations about things such as the kind of language used, clothing worn, and cultural conventions. Time period creates expectations about those same things and more, including available technology and the background of real historical events.

Setting in Shakespearean Works

Shakespeare sets his plays in a number of different time periods and geographical locations. Some, like Midsummer Night's Dream, Antony and Cleopatra, and Coriolanus are set in ancient Greece, Rome, or Egypt. Others, like Romeo and Juliet, The Merchant of Venice, and Measure for Measure, are set in Italy closer to Shakespeare's time. A large portion of his plays take place in England, especially his histories like the King Henry plays and Richard III, which take place during England's bloody civil war. King Lear is also in England, but takes place even further back in the medieval period centuries before Shakespeare, as does the Scottish play, Macbeth.

Evidence we have of performances in Shakespeare's time, including the texts of the plays, sheds light on a number of anachronisms on Shakespeare's stage. Anachronisms include props, speech elements, or references that demonstrably do not belong to the play's time period or place.

A spectator's sketch of Titus Andronicus on stage, for example, shows actors wearing thin rapiers as swords, which did not exist in ancient Rome. Whether Shakespeare deliberately inserted these elements or simply was not aware is not always clear, but the presence of certain anachronisms, like the rapiers, can certainly call attention to a heated political issue of the time.

Setting in Othello

Othello takes place in Venice, the famous Italian city, and Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean Sea colonized by the Venetians at the time. The play is set during the early modern period, roughly Shakespeare's time in history.

In this time, Italy was not a unified country, but a region that included many independent states, of which Venice was one. In the 1500s Venice fought a number of battles against the Ottoman Empire, located in what is now Turkey. The 'Turks', as they are called in the play, hotly contested Venice's control of Cyprus, which is located near their coast.

Othello is a seasoned general who has spent years fighting the Turkish forces for Venice. He comes most likely from northern Africa, since he is referred to as a moor, an ethnic and cultural term that the English used to describe a variety of predominantly Muslim peoples from the southern Mediterranean region, especially southern Spain and northern Africa.

Since only white males performed on Shakespeare's stage, Othello would have been portrayed by a white man in blackface. This practice remained common in performances of the play even up until Sir Lawrence Olivier's famous rendition in 1965.

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Additional Activities

The Setting of Othello Activity

Change the Setting

For this activity, rewrite a scene of Othello by changing the setting. Make sure to change both the time period and the location while keeping the plot as close to the original as possible. Also, do your best to avoid anachronisms in order to make your version of the scene as authentic as possible. For example, if you change the time to the present time, the characters should have present-day clothes, weapons, and speaking patterns. Write your scene in play format. Below is an example of how to correctly format your re-write of a scene of the play. Once you are done writing, make sure to proofread, edit, and revise before publishing or turning-in your final copy.

Act _____ Scene _____

Characters

Character #1 (with description)

Character #2 (with description)

Character #3 (with description)

Setting

Describe the setting (when and where the story takes place)

Title of Play

Stage directions (all stage directions should be in italics)

CHARACTER enters (describe what the character is doing)

CHARACTER #1 This is what the character says. Quotation marks are not used.

Pause

CHARACTER #2 This is what this character says.

CHARACTER #1 exits

Remember when formatting to follow these rules.

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