Jessica is a practicing attorney and has taught law and has a J.D. and LL.M.
Definition of Sex Offenders
Unfortunately, every evening news program usually contains a story involving sexual offenses. Moreover, the newspaper frequently features articles about sex offenders. Sex offenders are people who commit sexual offenses. While every state's laws are different, these offenses typically include the crimes of rape, child molestation, and abuse. Every state has sex offender statutes as well. These statutes apply to those individuals who have been convicted of certain statutorily described sex crimes. Typically these crimes have been identified as crimes which pose a threat of repetition and therefore of causing harm towards others.
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- 0:00 Definition of Sex Offenders
- 0:45 Types of Sex Offenses
- 1:37 Sexual Offender Laws
- 2:38 Sexual Offender Rights
- 3:01 Lesson Summary
Types of Sex Offenses
The following are various types of sexual offenses and a general description of each type.
Rapists are individuals who have committed rape. Generally, rape consists of forced sexual intercourse with another individual. In addition, rape can also occur when the victim was unable to give consent due to being a minor, due to a mental or physical disability, or due to some type of chemical impairment like alcohol and certain types of drugs.
2. Child Molestation
Child molestation is the sexual abuse of minors. It can include physical contact with a child, use of a child in a pornographic manner, or indecent exposure.
3. Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse is a type of forceful sexual contact. It doesn't rise to the level of rape, but there is generally some sort of sexual touching that occurs. This can include unwanted groping or grabbing.
Sexual Offender Laws
All state laws vary in their description of sexual offense laws. Therefore, it's critical to check the law of the state in which you reside. Moreover, the federal, state, and local governments may have laws which apply to sexual offenders, so it's important to check every source.
Generally, sexual offense laws aim to regulate how the offenders integrate once they are returned back into society from prison. These laws are known as registration laws. Registration laws require sexual offenders to register with the local police department in the city or town where they reside. The offender typically must at least provide their current address. This information is then spread to a specific region within the offender's home address so neighbors can be aware.
Another type of law is known as a residency restriction law. Under a residency restriction law, sex offenders are limited in geographic scope as to where they may live. For example, they may be restricted from living within ten miles of a school, especially if they were convicted of, for example, child molestation.
Sexual Offender Rights
Due to the high rate of recurrence with sex offenders, the laws impacting their rights following a conviction are strict. This is the price sex offenders pay for a conviction. They must adhere to registry rules. However, sex offenders are still subject to basic human rights laws. Therefore, if they incur discrimination or harassment, they may appeal to the relevant laws.
To sum up, sex offenders, or people who commit sexual offenses, are an unfortunately common type of criminal who is convicted of committing a sex crime. Sex crimes include things like rape, which is forced sexual intercourse with another person; child molestation, or the sexual abuse of minors; and general sexual abuse, which is any other type of forceful sexual contact. The laws regarding sex crimes differ from state to state, but they typically all involve registration laws, which are laws that aim to regulate how the offenders integrate once they are returned back into society from prison, for when the convicted offender is released from prison, usually resulting in residency restriction laws, in which sex offenders are limited in geographic scope as to where they may live. It's finally important to note that despite their crime, released sex offenders are still subject to basic human rights laws.
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Sex Offenders: Definition, Types, Laws & Rights
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