Similarities & Differences Between Islam & Christianity: Lesson for Kids

Lesson Transcript
David Wilson

David has taught college history and holds an MA in history.

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Sasha Blakeley

Sasha Blakeley has a Bachelor's in English Literature from McGill University and a TEFL certification. She has been teaching English in Canada and Taiwan for seven years.

Explore the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity to unearth their shared origins and where they diverged. Discover how they are both monotheistic, Abrahamic religions, their views on God, and their different worship practices. Updated: 01/04/2022

Monotheistic Religions

Look around your classroom and imagine that it's the entire world: if there's 20 of your classmates, that means each one of you is 350 million people, about the population of the entire United States. It also means that half of your classmates are either Christians or Muslims, as Christianity and Islam account for half the population of the entire world.

Christianity and Islam aren't just popular, but also share some similarities; for example, they're both monotheistic religions, meaning that their followers believe in only one god. However, Christianity and Islam also have a number of differences between how they think about God and how they practice their faith.

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  • 0:04 Monotheistic Religions
  • 0:44 Origins
  • 1:28 Nature of God
  • 2:03 Worship
  • 2:42 Lesson Summary
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Both Christianity and Islam are considered Abrahamic religions, meaning that they both believe that they originated with the biblical prophet Abraham. Both Christianity and Islam adhere to some of the same concepts found in Judaism, like one god, an afterlife in heaven or hell, and prophets who came to spread the word of God.

One major similarity found in Christianity and Islam is that both have a holy book that they use to better understand their idea of God and practice their religion. Christians use the Bible, while Muslims use the Quran (pronounced kor-an), which means ''the recitation,'' because the Quran has been memorized and passed down through history. Both the Bible and the Quran include the history of both religions dating all the way back to how they believe the world began. They also include stories about what will come to pass at the end of the world.

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Additional Activities

Islam and Christianity: Explore Further

This lesson introduced you to the origins of and differences between Christianity and Islam, two of the world's largest religions. Use these activities to learn more.

In Your Experience

Whether you were raised as a Christian, Muslim, another religion, or without religion, think about your own experiences. Consider your own upbringing and examine this lesson. How does this description of religion compare to your personal experiences? Did you learn anything about religions that you don't practice? If you are not Christian or Muslim, how do your religious practices (if you have any) differ from the ones described here? Write a personal reflection explaining your thoughts.

Deep Dive

If you are a Christian, use Islam for this prompt, and vice versa. If you are neither a Christian nor a Muslim, choose one of the two. This lesson gave you a great introduction, but there is a lot more to learn about these religions. Do some of your own research and examine the history of each religion and the beliefs that go along with it. Write a detailed list or paragraph explaining what you have learned. How has this information helped you to get a more nuanced understanding of a religion that you do not practice?


Christianity and Islam are both monotheistic religions, but they are by no means the only monotheistic religions in the world. Can you think of any others? For example, see what you can find online about monotheistic religions today and throughout history. Compare and contrast one other monotheistic religion's practices with what you learned in this lesson. Draw a Venn diagram or write an essay explaining your findings.

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