Sharon has an Masters of Science in Mathematics and a Masters in Education
The SIOP Model
As English Language Learners become more and more common in our classrooms, the need to create and adapt planning in order to meet their specific needs increases.The SIOP (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) lesson plan model is designed to specifically target English Language Learners, or ELL students, in the classroom. The model is structured to meet the academic needs of ELL students and focuses eight areas of planning, instruction and assessment specifically designed to prepare for, teach, reinforce and assess student learning.
The SIOP model relies on planning in the following eight areas:
- Lesson preparation
- Building background
- Lesson delivery
- Review & assessment
Teachers begin by preparing for the lesson, then build and incorporate aspects of the student's background in order to connect to prior learning. From there, they teach content, stressing the use of strategies for deepened understanding. Teachers plan for rich interactions and practice to apply skills. The lesson delivery supports objectives and engages students. Finally, teachers review key concepts and assess learning.
Why Use the SIOP Model?
Funded by the United States Department of Education, the Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence sponsored research into a model that would support ELL students and help them achieve academic success. Their specific goal was to create a model of 'sheltered instruction,' a method of teaching that would lead to specific educational outcomes based on identified strategies as we see used in the SIOP model.
Specifically, the team of researchers identified the eight criteria above as necessary for student understanding and success. When teachers connect to background knowledge, for example, ELL students are able to create context for learning. If Mrs. Jones, a fourth grade teacher, links place value to a previous experience for students, they are better able to assimilate the new learning.
The SIOP Lesson Plan Template
|Specific Population||4th-grade students - Spanish-speaking natives 9/24|
|Preparation||Bring picture flashcards and previous notes|
|Standards & Objectives||MA 4.3 - Students will identify numbers by place value in the 100s|
|Materials||Text pages 34-35, task cards, craft sticks, rubber bands|
|Vocabulary||Place value, tens, ones|
|Build Background||Use this section to connect students to learning. For example, 'Remind students of how they made new bundles with craft sticks to turn ones to tens; review content.'|
|Input||This section is for listing what you'll teach, like 'Show video explaining place value, pausing for students to work along.'|
|Strategies||What strategies will students use to learn? ELL students will need you to show them how to make sense of content. You may say 'When identifying place value, always remember the system is based on the number 10.'|
|Interaction||Plan for how students will get busy and engaged with topic. For example, 'Students will make tens and hundreds bundles with craft sticks.'|
|Practice/Application||From here, students will need some time to apply strategies, such as in worksheets or counting money.|
|Lesson Delivery||Some students learn best with one-on-one, others in small groups. Plan for this type of learning here.|
|Review & Assessment||Finally, you'll need to determine how you'll know whether or not students reached the objective. Review the content, then assess using formal or informal methods.|
Tips for Using the SIOP Model
The research-based SIOP model explicitly works with English Language Learners to identify language and content strategies, connect to prior learning, build vocabulary skills, use strategies specific to the objectives, give students practice with interaction, and assess with review. When creating SIOP plans, be sure to:
- First determine your students' background knowledge. This way you know what they know and are able to build from this point.
- Consider your students' interests when creating lessons in order to connect and engage.
- Use pre-teaching and warm-up activities that excite and increase student engagement.
- Choose objectives that connect to the language your students need to build as well as content they need to learn.
- Give students time to practice orally as well as in groups.
- Include activities for reading, writing, listening and speaking in all lessons.
- Reconnect to your objectives when making assessments for the lessons.
- Provide feedback to students immediately in order to increase comprehension.
The SIOP model emphasizes the use of all eight components in tandem, each reliant on the other in order to build student academic success.
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