SIOP Model: Definition, Components & Process

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  • 0:04 What Is SIOP?
  • 0:44 Components
  • 5:52 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Amanda Wiesner-Groff

Amanda has created and taught English/ESL curricula worldwide, has an M.Ed, and is the current ESOL Coordinator for the Saint Louis Public School District.

If you are getting into teaching according to the SIOP model, this lesson will be very useful. We will go over the basis of the model, the various components, as well as the process of employing those components in the classroom. Read on to learn more.

What Is SIOP?

The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) model is a research-based method of instruction that addresses the academic needs of English language learners (ELLs). Traditionally, ELLs would be pulled out of mainstream classrooms and given sheltered forms of English instruction. The SIOP model eliminates this separation by combining multiple instructional components with teaching strategies to ensure the content and language needs of ELL students are met as they learn alongside their native English-speaking peers.

Let's take a closer look at the eight SIOP components, as well the process of employing them into lessons and content delivery.


There are eight components, or elements, in the SIOP model. Each component requires clarity and attention to detail, as this is what ensures your students are getting the very most out of the lessons being delivered. Reflection should be included in the post-lesson evaluation process, since this will help determine what modifications, if any, need to be made before the lessons are used again in the future.

The first is the lesson preparation. The SIOP method uses both content and language objectives, which are reviewed at the beginning of the lesson and then analyzed upon completion of the lesson. You should aim to:

  • Clearly define content objectives, based on the previous question, in student-friendly language. For example, students will be able to draft a conclusion paragraph for their essay.
  • Clearly define language objectives, based on the previous question, in student-friendly language. For example, students will be able to use transitional phrases in writing.
  • Include themes, standards, topics, materials, and vocabulary.
  • Utilize multiple methods of content delivery (audio, visual, charts, etc.)
  • Ensure application allows students to attain and demonstrate understanding.

In the building background component of SIOP modeling, instructors look for opportunities to create links between past lessons and experiences; hence, building background knowledge as a launch pad for the new lessons. Ensure that you:

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