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SIOP Teaching Strategies

Instructor: Amanda Wiesner-Groff

Amanda has created and taught English/ESL curricula worldwide, has an M.Ed, and is the current ESOL Coordinator for the Saint Louis Public School District.

This lesson will cover teaching strategies connected to the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP). Focus will be placed on strategies geared toward English Language Learners.

What is SIOP?

The (SIOP) model, or Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol, is a research-based, English-only method of instruction that addresses the academic needs of English language learners (ELLs). Traditionally, ELLs would be pulled out of the mainstream classroom to be given special 'sheltered' forms of English instruction. Within the SIOP model, multiple elements come together with teaching strategies to provide effective instruction that meets all content and language needs of ELL students alongside their native English speaking peers.

SIOP Elements

There are eight elements in the SIOP model. Every lesson plan should provide examples and clarify how each element will be addressed as teachers detail how students will meet the chosen content and language objectives. The SIOP elements are as follows:

  • Lesson Preparation
  • Building Background
  • Comprehensible Input
  • Strategies
  • Interaction
  • Practice/Application
  • Lesson Delivery
  • Review & Assessment

SIOP Strategies

This lesson will be focusing on ELL strategies that can be used in conjunction with the SIOP elements. There will be a description for each strategy and they will be categorized according their corresponding SIOP element.

Building Background

These are strategies that should be used to help motivate and focus students on the content that is being taught. This element is important because students need to be motivated and drawn in from the beginning. New content can be intimidating; building background helps students feel comfortable and confident as they become experts on new content being learned.

  • KWL- Know/Want to Know/Learned- This is a chart that students can fill out when a new topic or theme is introduced. They fill out what they already know and what they would like to know. When the lesson is complete, they fill out what new information they have learned.
  • Picture File Cards- These are cards (index cards, flash cards) related to the topic or theme to be taught. They are presented when new lessons are being introduced.
  • Read-Aloud with Pictures- Reading a story aloud with pictures helps students understand and make connections between images and content they may already be familiar with.

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