Slavic Countries

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  • 0:05 The Slavs
  • 0:27 Three Slavic Divisions
  • 1:01 East Slavs
  • 1:52 West Slavs
  • 2:33 South Slavs
  • 4:01 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

Where are the Slavic countries? Which major ones no longer exist? Which ones still do? This lesson will describe the groupings, names, capitals, languages, and major religions of the Slavic countries.

The Slavs

There is a large ethnic and linguistic group in Europe, and in many parts of the world as well, called the Slavs. A member of this ethnic group is called a Slav. This lesson will be about Slavic countries. Together, the Slavs make up hundreds of millions of people all over the world and are the largest ethnic and linguistic group of people in all of Europe.

Three Slavic Divisions

Slavs, and the countries in which they reside, are divided into three main sections. They are:

  • The East Slavs, which include those living in Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine
  • The West Slavs, which include those living in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia
  • The South Slavs, which are people who live in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia.

Since there are so many Slavic countries, let's very briefly meet one person from each country and have them tell us just a tiny bit about it.

East Slavs

First, we meet Tanya, a woman from Belarus. She tells us her country's capital is Minsk and that she speak Belarussian. She says that many in her country observe the Christian Eastern Orthodox religion.

Next is Olga. Olga is a woman from Russia. She notes that her country's capital is Moscow and it also happens to be the largest country in the world, with the largest population of Slavs. Russians speak Russian and also observe the Russian Christian Eastern Orthodox Faith.

Alex, a man from Ukraine, tells us that his country lies in close proximity to both Russia and Belarus. His country's capital is Kiev, his people practice the Ukrainian Orthodox faith, and speak Ukrainian. He also notes that Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia were three of the principal states of a now dissolved nation that used to be called the Soviet Union.

West Slavs

Veronika, a girl from the Czech Republic proudly tells us that her nation's capital is the beautiful city of Prague. She says she speaks Czech and that some in her nation are Roman Catholic.

Roman Catholics also make up a large proportion of the country of Poland as Mariusz points out to us. He also tells us his capital is Warsaw, that he speaks Polish, and that one of the largest populations of ethnically Polish people outside of Poland lies around Chicago, Illinois (in the United States of America).

Kristina, a woman from Slovakia, makes sure we know that her country's citizens mainly speak Slovak, that its people also largely practice Roman Catholicism, and that her country's capital's name is Bratislava.

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