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Social Stories on Friendship

Instructor: Amanda Robb

Amanda holds a Masters in Science from Tufts Medical School in Cellular and Molecular Physiology. She has taught high school Biology and Physics for 8 years.

Friendships have their ups and downs, and common problems between friends can be particularly difficult to handle for students with ADHD or autism. This lesson discusses and provides examples of social stories that you can use to help your students avoid these problems.

Social Stories and Friendship

Most friendships hit a few rough patches that require empathy and good communication to overcome. Because students with ADHD or autism tend to be impulsive and unaware of the consequences of their actions, they can struggle with these important skills. Social stories can be a fun way to teach students how to act in social situations, such as interacting with friends. Social stories are short, first person narratives that explain a challenging situation for a student, how the student feels, how others feel and how the student should behave.

Examples of Social Stories on Friendship

Now let's look at some social stories about friendship that address common problems like how to treat friends and what to do during a disagreement. Remember, social stories should be customized for your student's target behavior based on data and observations. Social stories also usually include images after each line of text to help illustrate feelings and behavior.

Sharing

I like to be with my classmates. Some classmates are my friends. I am nice to my friends and my friends are nice to me. I use kind words to talk to my friends. This makes me and my friends happy.

Friends play with toys together. When we are playing with toys, sometimes I want them all to myself. But, my friend wants to play with them, too. If I don't share toys, my friend will be sad. I like my friend to be happy. When my friend is happy, I am happy too.

If I share toys with my friend, we both get to play with them. That makes us both happy. Sharing makes me happy and it makes my friends happy, too.

Show students fun images of what positive behavior looks like
sharing

Talking to Friends

Talking to my friends is fun. We like the same things and it feels good to talk about them. I like it when my friends use kind words with me. They like it when I use kind words, too.

Sometimes, though, I use curse words. I use curse words to get attention from my friends, and sometimes when I am angry. Using curse words makes my friends upset. I don't want my friends to be upset. I like it when my friends are happy. If my friends are happy, I'll be happy too. It is nice when everyone is happy.

Explaining Behavior

Sometimes I get really anxious in school. I feel nervous and scared. When I get anxious, it's hard for me to feel my body and the stuff around me. I don't like this feeling. To get rid of the feeling, I flap my hands. Flapping my hands makes me feel my body more. I like it when I can feel my body.

My friends don't need to flap their hands like I do. They always feel their bodies just fine. They don't understand why I need to flap my hands. They think this is weird. Weird things can scare people because they don't understand them. I like my friends to be happy though, not scared. When my friends are happy, I am happy.

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