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Soil Conservation Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Increase student understanding and awareness of soil conservation with this lesson plan. Students will read a text lesson that explains key concepts about soil conservation, do experiments to deepen their understanding, and create a model of conservation methods.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define 'conservation'
  • explain reasons why soil is an important natural resource
  • describe ways in which soil erodes
  • identify soil conservation methods and create a plan to conserve soil in real-life situations

Length

1 - 1.5 hours

Materials

  • Copies of the lesson Soil Conservation: Lesson for Kids, one for each student
  • Aluminum trays
  • Large zipper baggies
  • Soil
  • Straws
  • Craft sticks
  • Blocks
  • Cups with holes poked in the bottom
  • Cups filled with water
  • Images of afforestation, deforestation, and wind breaks
  • Small plants (real or fake)
  • Clean, empty water or soft drink bottles
  • Books
  • Scissors
  • Tape

Key Vocabulary

  • Conservation
  • Arable
  • Erosion
  • Terrace farming
  • Afforestation
  • Reforestation
  • Windbreak

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3

Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5

Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

Warm-Up and Preparation

  • Set up the lab materials for this lesson by dividing students into small groups and giving each a zipper baggie, soil, an aluminum tray, a craft stick, a cup with holes, a cup with water, and a straw.
  • Have students fill their zipper baggies three-quarters of the way with soil.
  • Place baggies aside and ask students to title their science notebooks 'Soil Conservation.'
  • Preview vocabulary words and ask students to share prior knowledge.

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