Solar Oven Lesson Plan

Instructor: Josh Corbat

Josh has taught Earth Science and Physical Science at the High School level and holds a Master of Education degree from UNC-Chapel Hill.

Use this lesson plan to introduce students to solar energy. Students will read a text lesson, discuss new scientific information, and follow a written guide to build a solar oven. Students will then debrief with a written assessment and an optional quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain how energy is transferred by the Sun to Earth through radiation
  • construct a device that uses the Sun's radiation and converts it to heat


2 - 2.5 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • NGSS.4-PS3-2.

Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents.

  • NGSS.4-PS3-4.

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.


  • Copies of the text lesson Solar Energy Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts and project instructions Solar Oven Science Project.
  • Two pizza boxes
  • Aluminum foil to line the inside of one box, including the lid
  • Black paper to line the bottom of both boxes
  • Newspaper to line the inside of one box, including the lid
  • Plastic wrap to cover the top of both boxes
  • 1 roll of masking tape
  • Glue sticks
  • A thin stick to prop the lid open
  • Scissors
  • Clock or stopwatch
  • Food for cooking (marshmallows, chocolate, graham crackers, etc.)

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