Spain Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Spain
  • 1:30 Culture and History
  • 2:53 Language and Economics
  • 3:38 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: April DeBord

April has taught Spanish and English as a Second Language and she has her Ed. S. in Foreign Language Education.

Let's learn some facts about Spain, a beautiful country located in southwestern Europe. It's possible that your life has been influenced by Spain and you didn't even know.


Spain sits between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Spain shares borders with Portugal and France. The capital is Madrid. Within Spain, you can find mountains, valleys, lakes, rivers, deserts, farmland, vineyards, olive trees and forests, which shows the diversity of the climate.

Because Spain is so far west in the time zone, in the summer, the sun may not go down until 10 pm! This is one of the reasons for the famous midday nap in Spain called a siesta. People go home to eat a light lunch and rest before returning to work in the afternoon. Children in Spain go to school from 9 am-12 pm, come home for a few hours, then go back to school from 3-5 pm. Spanish families eat dinner at around 9 pm.

Spain is known for so many other things, too. Here are a few:

  • Bullfights
  • Flamenco music and dancing
  • Museums
  • A food called paella, which is a rice dish made with a spice called saffron
  • Tapas, or small dishes served like single appetizers
  • Beaches
  • Festivals, like the running of the bulls and La Tomatina (a festival where everyone throws tomatoes at each other)
  • Fútbol, also known in the United States as soccer

Culture and History

From the influence of the Roman Empire to the Moorish influence in the south of Spain, the country has a rich culture and history spanning hundreds of years.

Spain was once part of the Roman Empire, therefore Spanish has strong roots in the Latin the Romans spoke. Roman influence can be seen in the north, where Roman bridges and the Roman aqueduct of Segovia still stand. Most Spaniards (94%) consider their religion to be Roman Catholicism.

The Moors were conquerors who came from Africa in the 8th century, and they contributed a lot to education and impressive architecture, like the Alhambra. In 1492, the Christians pushed out the Moors to regain control over the southern part of Spain, ending in the reconquest of Granada by Ferdinand and Isabella, who then helped Christopher Columbus go to the new world.

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