Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.
Furniture by Rooms
A great way to learn furniture vocabulary in Spanish is by associating each word with the room where you would have each piece of furniture. For this reason, the following words are listed in relation with a specific room in the house.
This word in Spanish is la habitación (pronounced: lah ah-bee-tah-see-on) or, also, el dormitorio (pronounced: el dor-mee-toh-ree-oh). Let's learn the furniture words for la habitacion:
- la cama (the bed, pronounced: lah kah-mah)
- la mesa de noche (the night table, pronounced: lah meh-sah deh noh-cheh)
- el armario (the wardrobe, pronounced: el ar-mah-ree-oh).
- el clóset (the closet, pronounced the same as the English word)
- la cómoda (the drawers chest, pronounced: lah koh-moh-dah)
The Living Room
This word in Spanish is la sala (pronounced: lah sah-lah). Let's learn the furniture for la sala:
- la mesa de centro (the coffee table, pronounced: lah meh-sah deh cehn-troh)
- el sillón (the armchair, pronounced: el see-yohn)
- el sofá (el soh-fah)
The Dining Room
This word in Spanish is el comedor (pronounced: el koh-meh-dor). Let's learn the furniture words for el comedor:
- la mesa (the table, pronounced: lah meh-sah)
- la silla (the chair, pronounced: lah see-yah)
This word in Spanish is el estudio (pronounced: el es-too-dee-oh). Let's learn the furniture for el estudio:
- el escritorio (the desk, pronounced: el es-kree-toh-ree-oh)
- el estante de libros (the bookcase, pronounced: el es-tahn-teh deh lee-bros)
Practicing Tip One: Use Your Own Furniture
You can easily learn the furniture vocabulary in this lesson by putting post-it notes on your furniture. When putting the notes on the furniture, it is great practice to say some sentences aloud. The sentences can be about location. For location, you can use the verb estar (to be, pronounced: ehs-tahr).
For example, to say 'The bed is in the bedroom' this is the correct sentence: La cama está en el dormitorio.
The structure for all other sentences is the same, changing only the vocabulary words for the furniture and the respective room. Thus, for 'The chair is in the dining room' you say: La silla está en el comedor.
Now, you can practice by answering the following example questions, which ask 'Where is the. . .?'
- ¿Dónde está la mesa de noche?
- ¿Dónde está el armario?
- ¿Dónde está la silla?
- ¿Dónde está el estante de libros?
Practicing Tip Two: Furniture and Adjectives
You could also practice these vocabulary words by forming sentences with the verb ser (to be) followed by an adjective you know. For example, for 'The wardrobe is white' you would say: El armario es blanco. Remember, the plural of es is son.
Forming the Plural
To form the plural of these new words, you would use the plural article las instead of la and los instead of el. Both plural articles mean 'the.'
Next, you would add the letter 's' at the end of the vocabulary word. Also, note that the plural of está is están. Thus, to say 'The chairs are in the dining room' you would say: Las sillas están en el comedor.
Also, note that for the word sillón it is necessary to add 'es' at the end. So, the plural is sillones.
Finally, note that you only add the 's' to mesa in the case of 'night table' and 'coffee table'. So, the plural for la mesa de noche is las mesas de noche. The same rule applies for 'bookcase'.
This lesson provides you with a list of furniture words you find in the bedroom (la cama, la mesa de noche, el armario, el clóset, la cómoda), the living room (la mesa de centro, el sillón, el sofá), the dining room (la mesa, la silla), and the study (el escritorio, el estante de libros). Additionally, you get practicing tips to remember these new words by labeling your own furniture or forming sentences with adjectives to describe furniture. Finally, you get the basic rules to form the plural of each new word you learned.
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