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Spanish Grammar: Irregular Future Tense

Spanish Grammar: Irregular Future Tense
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  • 0:03 Future Tense
  • 1:17 Quick Review
  • 2:33 Irregular Verb Conjugation
  • 5:00 Listening & Pronouncing
  • 6:30 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Chris Travis
This lesson introduces students to the verbs that are irregular in the future tense. There will also be some listening and speaking practice included in the lesson.

The Future Tense Put Into Action

Después de este video, creo que sabrás mucho sobre el futuro en español. Podrás distinguir entre los verbos regulares e irregulares, formarás verbos para frases más avanzadas, y tendrás más información sobre una forma muy importante, el futuro.

And hey, it's great that you're learning Spanish! Es fantástico que aprendas español. What will you do when you speak Spanish well? ¿Qué harás cuando hables español bien?

¿Viajarás a España, y estudiarás la literatura hispánica en la Universidad de Salamanca? ¿Visitarás la famosa Alhambra en Granada? ¿Te harás un presidente bilingüe de Los Estados Unidos? Hay muchas posibilidades.

Okay, so you've probably noticed that as I talk to you about what you will do in the future as a speaker of Spanish, whether it's within the classroom or beyond, I'm using verbs in the future tense. As with all tenses, the future has regular and irregular verbs.

A Quick Review of the Future Tense

You may recall that the future is used for actions in the more distant future - Mario trabajará en un banco un día - or to express probability and conjecture - ¿De quién es este libro, será el libro de Juan? You may also recall that it is not generally used for the near future (We use the present tense to say, 'I'm coming over to your house this afternoon.' Voy a tu casa esta tarde.)

Nor is it used to express willingness. 'Will you eat the last pancake?' ¿Quieres comer el ultimo panqueque? That is also the present tense.

But the future tense is very important and formed by adding the following endings to the infinitive:

Yo Él/Ella/Usted Nosotros Vosotros Ustedes/Ellos
é ás á emos éis án

This would make it one of the easiest tenses to learn:

Yo Él/Ella/Usted Nosotros Vosotros Ustedes/Ellos
aprenderé aprenderás aprenderá aprenderemos aprenderéis aprenderán

But what about those more challenging irregulars?

Future Tense Irregular Verb Conjugation

Luckily, they have the same endings. It is the stems, the first part of the verb, that we need to learn because the stems are not just the infinitive verb. A verb like tener does not go to teneré.

'I will have' would not be teneré but rather tendré. It is not ponerás but rather pondrás (you will put), not quererá but rather querrá (he will want) with the rolled erre.

Historical linguists will remind us that a living language is meant to be spoken and evolves over hundreds of years. Try saying some of these verbs quickly. When something flows more easily, that will be reflected in the spelling. Compare saberé (incorrect) to sabré (correct). It's not surprising that the irregular forms naturally evolve. Let's look at some of the most common irregular verbs in the yo form:

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