Spanish Listening Activity: Boardroom Conversations

Spanish Listening Activity: Boardroom Conversations
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  • 0:01 Advertising
  • 0:23 Present Perfect Subjunctive
  • 2:44 Boardroom Conversation
  • 7:49 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Pablo Serna

Pablo has taught college Spanish at the University of Missouri and Central Methodist University, and has a master's degree in Spanish literature.

In this lesson we will listen to a set of conversations between board members at an advertising agency discussing recent campaigns, practicing vocabulary about advertising and tenses like the Present Perfect Subjunctive.

Advertising

All of us buy things in different places all the time, from daily things, like toothpaste or shampoo, to bigger and more expensive ones, like TVs, cars, airplane tickets, etc. We will talk about vocabulary about advertising while practicing tenses like the present perfect subjunctive.

Present Perfect Subjunctive

Let's review a little bit about present perfect subjunctive. We use this tense when we have all the main requirements for subjunctive:

  1. Trigger
  2. Word que
  3. Two subjects
  4. Two clauses

We also need the trigger in the present and an action in the subordinate clause referring to an action that has happened already. Let's look at this example:

Es importante que hayamos conseguido esta campaña.

When we look at this sentence, we can clearly identify these parts:

  1. Trigger = Es importante. It is an impersonal expression. Remember the subject 'it' from English does not have an exact translation in Spanish. We use the third person singular es.
  2. The word que that puts together the two clauses, the main clause and the subordinate clause.
  3. Two clauses = Main clause in the present: Es importante + subordinate clause that has happened already: hayamos conseguido esta campaña.
  4. Two subjects = Main clause: 'it' + subordinate clause: nosotros.

But how do we form this tense?

As with all perfect tenses, we need two verbs:

1. Haber - in this case, the present subjunctive form:

  • Haya
  • Hayas
  • Haya
  • Hayamos
  • Hayáis
  • Hayan

2. A past participle: -AR verbs = stem + -ado. Example: cansado
-ER and -IR verbs = stem + -ido. Example: comido.
Also, there are irregulars, like decir-dicho, escribir-escrito, hacer-hecho. These past participles are always masculine and singular.

Boardroom Conversation

Now, let's listen and read this conversation between el doctor Ramírez, who is the owner of the most prestigious advertising agency, PROMAX, and his employees:

Doctor Ramírez: Hola a todos. Hoy estamos en esta reunión para hablar de nuestro portafolio de productos y saber cómo van las diferentes campañas. Me alegra que todos hayan podido venir este día. Empecemos con usted señorita Rodríguez. ?Qué ha pasado con el jabón (soap) orgánico que estamos promocionando?

Señorita Rodríguez: Doctor Ramírez, los modelos que hemos recibido del producto no son buenos para el consumidor. No creemos que la compañía haya hecho un buen trabajo con los materiales. No es probable que las ventas suban.

Doctor Ramírez: ¡No es posible que hayan permitido esto! Son muy malas noticias para nosotros y para ellos. Los productos que nosotros promocionamos siempre son de buena calidad. ¡Es terrible que nos haya ocurrido esto!

Señorita Rodríguez: Lamento que no hayamos podido hacer más pero es difícil con productos de tan mala calidad.

Doctor Ramírez: No se preocupe señorita Rodríguez. Es probable que ustedes hayan perdido el tiempo con esta campaña.

Now, let's answer some questions:

1. ?De qué se alegra el doctor Ramírez? (What is doctor Ramírez glad about?)

Está alegre de que todos _____ _____ (haber-poder) venir a la reunión. (He is glad that everyone has come to the meeting.)

2. ?Qué dice la señorita Rodríguez sobre los productos que recibieron de la compañía?

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