Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.
Beauty Fascinates People
When people are in nature, they often say 'This is beautiful!' The beauty of nature certainly fascinates people, and such fascination is part of the way human beings react regardless of their culture and language. So, today we will look at Ariosto, a nature lover who has his own botanical gardens. He will show us through his garden while he tells us some phrases he often uses when in contact with nature. As this lesson takes you through the words of la naturaleza (lah nah-too-rah-LEH-sah). This word, which means 'nature,' is our sample of how the related vocabulary is displayed below. You have a pronunciation guide with the most stressed syllable in capitals. You also have some expressions you can use with any of the words. Can you smell those wonderful flowers already?
There are so many types of flowers in nature that one cannot cover them all, but Ariosto shows us las flores (lahs FLOH-rehs) he has. About his flowers, Ariosto says Me fascinan las orquídeas. (meh fah-SEE-nahn lahs ohr-KEE-dehahs), which is 'I am fascinated by orchids'.
- las rosas (lahs ROH-sahs) 'the roses'
- las margaritas (lahs mahr-gah-REE-tahs) 'the daisies'
- los claveles (lohs klah-BEH-lehs) 'the carnations'
- las dalias (lahs DAH-leeahs) 'the dahlias'
- los geranios (lohs heh-RAH-neeohs) 'the geraniums'
- las magnolias (lahs mahg-NOH-leeahs) 'the magnolias'
- las violetas (lahs beeoh-LEH-tahs) 'the violets'
- los lirios (lohs LEE-reeohs) 'the lilies'. Note some people refer to these flowers as las azucenas (lahs ah-soo-SEH-nahs)
- las orquídeas (lahs ohr-KEE-dehahs) 'the orchids'
- la flor de loto (lah flohr deh LOH-toh) 'the lotus flower'
- la flor de lavanda (lah flohr deh lah-BAHN-dah) 'the lavender flower'
Before we move on, use Ariosto's sentence about the orchids to tell what flowers fascinate you.
Wow! This is beautiful! There is so much greenery and peace as Ariosto shows us los árboles (lohs AHR-boh-lehs), or 'the trees.' Ariosto says: El roble es hermoso (ehl ROH-bleh ehs ehr-MOH-soh), which means 'The oak is beautiful.'
- el pino (ehl PEE-noh) 'the pine'
- el eucalipto (ehl ehoo-kahh-LEEP-toh) 'the eucalyptus'
- el ciprés (ehl see-PREHS) 'the cypress'
- el roble (ehl ROH-bleh) 'the oak'
- el cedro (ehl SEH-droh) 'the cedar'
- el castaño (ehl kahs-TAH-nyo) 'the chestnut'
Now, can you say whicht tree you think is beautiful?
The Birds and Insects
With so many trees, los pájaros (lohs PAH-hah-rohs), or 'birds,' have plenty of room. Also, los insectos (lohs een-SEKH-tohs) (insects) are part of nature. Watch out, Ariosto says, Hay abejas, (aee ah-BEH-has) which means 'there are bees.' Let's see what other insects there are:
- mariposas (mah-ree-POH-sahs) 'butterflies'
- mariquitas (mah-ree-KEE-tahs) 'ladybugs'
- abejas (ah-BEH-has) 'bees'
As we sit on a wooden bench with Ariosto, he talks about his favorite landscape and says, prefiero las montañas (preh-fee-EH-roh lahs mohn-TAH-nyas). This means 'I prefer the mountains'. Which of these do you prefer?
- las montañas (lahs mohn-TAH-nyas) 'the mountains'
- el lago (ehl LAH-goh) 'the lake'
- el río (ehl REE-oh) 'the river'
- el bosque (ehl BOHS-keh) 'the forest'
- la selva (lah SEHL-bah) 'the jungle'
- la playa (lah PLAH-yah) 'the beach'
Here are some other words that we see in nature:
- el césped (ehl SEHS-pehd) 'the grass'
- el florecimiento(ehl floh-reh-see-mee-EHN-toh) 'the blooming'
- los pétalos (lohs PEH-tah-lohs) 'the petals'
- el árbol frutal (ehl AHR-bohl froo-TAHL) 'the fruit tree'
- las hojas (lahs OH-has) 'the leaves'
Now you know many names of flowers in Spanish (las rosas, las margaritas, los claveles, etc.), and you can even tell which flowers fascinate you (Me fascinan. . .). You also know the names of common trees (el pino, el eucalipto, el ciprés, etc.) and if you add es hermoso to any tree name, you are saying that tree is beautiful. In addition, you know vocabulary of natural areas you can go to (el lago, la selva, la playa, etc.), and you can even say what you prefer (prefiero. . .)
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