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Spanish Nature Vocabulary

Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

Fascination with nature is universal. For this reason, it is useful to know the related vocabulary. This lesson includes words such as 'flowers,' 'trees,' 'grass,' etc. It also gives you sentences for practical use.

Beauty Fascinates People

When people are in nature, they often say 'This is beautiful!' The beauty of nature certainly fascinates people, and such fascination is part of the way human beings react regardless of their culture and language. So, today we will look at Ariosto, a nature lover who has his own botanical gardens. He will show us through his garden while he tells us some phrases he often uses when in contact with nature. As this lesson takes you through the words of la naturaleza (lah nah-too-rah-LEH-sah). This word, which means 'nature,' is our sample of how the related vocabulary is displayed below. You have a pronunciation guide with the most stressed syllable in capitals. You also have some expressions you can use with any of the words. Can you smell those wonderful flowers already?

The Flowers

There are so many types of flowers in nature that one cannot cover them all, but Ariosto shows us las flores (lahs FLOH-rehs) he has. About his flowers, Ariosto says Me fascinan las orquídeas. (meh fah-SEE-nahn lahs ohr-KEE-dehahs), which is 'I am fascinated by orchids'.

  • las rosas (lahs ROH-sahs) 'the roses'
  • las margaritas (lahs mahr-gah-REE-tahs) 'the daisies'
  • los claveles (lohs klah-BEH-lehs) 'the carnations'
  • las dalias (lahs DAH-leeahs) 'the dahlias'
  • los geranios (lohs heh-RAH-neeohs) 'the geraniums'
  • las magnolias (lahs mahg-NOH-leeahs) 'the magnolias'
  • las violetas (lahs beeoh-LEH-tahs) 'the violets'
  • los lirios (lohs LEE-reeohs) 'the lilies'. Note some people refer to these flowers as las azucenas (lahs ah-soo-SEH-nahs)
  • las orquídeas (lahs ohr-KEE-dehahs) 'the orchids'
  • la flor de loto (lah flohr deh LOH-toh) 'the lotus flower'
  • la flor de lavanda (lah flohr deh lah-BAHN-dah) 'the lavender flower'

los lirios
flow

Before we move on, use Ariosto's sentence about the orchids to tell what flowers fascinate you.

The Trees

Wow! This is beautiful! There is so much greenery and peace as Ariosto shows us los árboles (lohs AHR-boh-lehs), or 'the trees.' Ariosto says: El roble es hermoso (ehl ROH-bleh ehs ehr-MOH-soh), which means 'The oak is beautiful.'

  • el pino (ehl PEE-noh) 'the pine'
  • el eucalipto (ehl ehoo-kahh-LEEP-toh) 'the eucalyptus'
  • el ciprés (ehl see-PREHS) 'the cypress'
  • el roble (ehl ROH-bleh) 'the oak'
  • el cedro (ehl SEH-droh) 'the cedar'
  • el castaño (ehl kahs-TAH-nyo) 'the chestnut'

el cedro
cedar

Now, can you say whicht tree you think is beautiful?

The Birds and Insects

With so many trees, los pájaros (lohs PAH-hah-rohs), or 'birds,' have plenty of room. Also, los insectos (lohs een-SEKH-tohs) (insects) are part of nature. Watch out, Ariosto says, Hay abejas, (aee ah-BEH-has) which means 'there are bees.' Let's see what other insects there are:

  • mariposas (mah-ree-POH-sahs) 'butterflies'
  • mariquitas (mah-ree-KEE-tahs) 'ladybugs'
  • abejas (ah-BEH-has) 'bees'

las mariquitas
bugs

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