Spanish Neighborhood Vocabulary: People, Places & Things

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  • 0:01 Introduction to…
  • 0:24 Places Around the Neighborhood
  • 2:01 Neighbors and Workers
  • 3:29 Things in the Neighborhood
  • 4:51 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

In this Spanish lesson, we talk about people in the neighborhood and their activities and routines in different places. Learn the essential vocabulary you need to talk about neighbors, workers, things and locations.

Introduction to Neighborhood Vocabulary

Today, we cover the main vocabulary you need to move around the neighborhood, or barrio. We'll learn how to talk about people and their daily activities and how to describe what you find around the neighborhood, including places and things. To do this, we go on a tour with Luis, our great guide, who will show us around his lovely neighborhood in the South of Spain.

Places Around the Neighborhood

Luis used to live in the city center, el centro, but a few years ago, he moved to a barrio in the outskirts of the city, las afueras.

Let's take a look at some of the places we will visit with Luis:

Spanish Translation
el kiosco the newsstand
la panadería the bakery
la cafetería the cafe
el mercado the market
la biblioteca the library
el banco the bank
la oficina de correos the post office

Luis is now retired and leads a quiet and happy life in the neighborhood. He tells us: Me encanta vivir en este barrio. (I love living in this neighborhood.) Tenemos todo a mano. (We've got everything at hand.)

He normally starts his day with fresh bread and coffee while reading the newspaper: Todas las mañanas, compro el periódico en el kiosco. (Every morning, I buy the newspaper at the newsstand.) Luego, voy a la panadería y compro dos barras de pan y algo de bollería. (Then, I go to the bakery and buy two loaves of bread and some pastries.)

Un par de veces a la semana, mi mujer y yo vamos al mercado y compramos fruta y verduras frescas. (A couple of times a week, my wife and I go to the market and buy fresh fruit and vegetables.) Voy a la oficina de correos con frecuencia, para enviar cartas o paquetes a mi hijo, que vive en el extranjero. (I go to the post office often to send letters or parcels to my son, who lives abroad.)

Neighbors and Workers

Now, let's take a look at the vocabulary you'll need to talk about people in the neighborhood:

Spanish Translation
el vecino /
la vecina

the neighbor
el dueño /
la dueña

the owner
el tendero /
la tendera

the storekeeper
el panadero /
la panadera

the baker
el cartero /
la cartera

the mailman /
the mailwoman
el/la policía the policeman /
the policewoman

Keep in mind, in Spanish, nouns for professions normally end in -o for the masculine and -a for the feminine. But policía is an exception; we use the same word for both policeman and policewoman.

Luis tells us about his neighbors and the people he often sees: De vez en cuando, desayuno en la cafetería de Manolo, que es el dueño, y además, un viejo amigo. (Once in a while, I have breakfast at Manolo's café, who is the owner, and also, an old friend.)

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