Spanish Numbers to 1,000: Learning Hundreds in Spanish

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  • 0:07 Review Counting 1-200
  • 1:13 Counting 210-1000
  • 2:58 Practice: Numbers 201-1000
  • 3:49 Gender Agreement
  • 6:27 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Ashley Garcias-Casas
In this lesson we will learn the numbers 201-1000 in Spanish, focusing on learning the hundreds. We will also look at gender agreement when numbers are used as adjectives.

Review Counting 1-200

When we are counting from 200-1000 you will see that some structures will repeat and build upon what we have previously learned. It's important you have a good understanding of the numbers 1-200 before continuing on. Remember, to form any number from 101 and up, you simply add ciento for the hundreds place and then read the number 1-99. Let's review this concept quickly:

101 - ciento uno

110 - ciento diez

121 - ciento vientiuno

132 - ciento treinta y dos

143 - ciento cuarenta y tres

154 - ciento cincuenta y cuatro

165 - ciento sesenta y cinco

176 - ciento setenta y seis

187 - ciento ochenta y siete

199 - ciento noventa y nueve

When we arrive at 200, you will notice that we no longer use ciento since it is not 100, but rather 200, which is why we say: doscientos, literally, two one hundreds.

¡Bien!

Counting 201-1000

The numbers from 201-1000 are going to follow the same structure as those we have just reviewed, with the only difference being we change the number in the hundreds place value. Now we are going to learn the hundreds. Let's start with 100.

100 - cien - Ojo! Remember cien changes to ciento for all other numbers 101-199.

200 - doscientos

300 - trescientos

400 - cuatrocientos

500 - quinientos

600 - seiscientos

700 - setecientos

800 - ochocientos

900 - novecientos

1000 - mil

Did you notice something about the hundreds? Just as doscientos can literally be translated as two one hundreds, trescientos can be thought of as three one hundreds, and so on. Pay special attention to the spelling changes that occur with 500, 700 and 900. Let's look at the hundreds again:

100 - cien

200 - doscientos

300 - trescientos

400 - cuatrocientos

500 - quinientos

600 - seiscientos

700 - setecientos

800 - ochocientos

900 - novecientos

1000 - mil

Also make note that 1000 is mil, and never un mil. When counting we follow the same structure as with the numbers 101-200, but replace the value of the hundreds.

Practice: Numbers 201-1000

Take a look at some of these numbers and try and say the part of the number that is missing.

214 - doscientos catorce

378 - trescientos setenta y ocho

435 - cuatrocientos treinta y cinco

523 - quinientos veintitrés

689 - seiscientos ochenta y nueve

752 - setecientos cincuenta y dos

876 - ochocientos setenta y seis

947 - novecientos cuarenta y siete

Gender Agreement

When we use numbers to describe quantity, they act as adjectives, and therefore must match the gender of the noun. For example, if I ask, ?Cuántas personas hay?, I am asking about the number of people. Let's say the answer is 300. Since personas is feminine, we would answer: Hay trescientas personas. All of the hundreds can be masculine or feminine when being used as an adjective.

200 - doscientos libros / doscientas casas

300 - trescientos teléfonos / trescientas chaquetas

And so depending on the noun we can use:

400 - cuatrocientos/as

500 - quinientos/as

600 - seiscientos/as

700 - setecientos/as

800 - ochocientos/as

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