Spanish Practice Activity: Conversations About Jobs

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  • 0:03 Conversation 1
  • 4:55 Conversation 2
  • 7:42 Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Chris Travis

Chris has a Ph.D in Hispanic Literature.

You'll get a chance to speak in this lesson, as we apply the 'if clauses' and vocabulary of different professions to observe and practice conversations. Grammar includes the imperfect subjunctive, conditional, and present and future tenses.

Conversation 1

Let's listen to a dialog between three siblings talking about their careers. You will get to play one of the parts! We will use a construction that is taught in one of the previous lessons in this chapter. If + present tense, then + future. This is used when something is considered something that actually could happen. For example, Si PRACTICAS el español, SERÁS multilingue!

We will also review key vocabulary before we get started. Study this first list because soon we will take away the definitions!

  • Estudiante: student
  • Cirujano/a: surgeon
  • Abogado/a: lawyer
  • Escuela de derecho: law school
  • Aumento de sueldo: raise in salary
  • Maestro/a: teacher
  • Seguro de salud: health insurance
  • Pensión: pension
  • Beca: scholarship
  • Firma de abogados: law firm
  • Sindicato: union
  • Organización sin fines de lucro: not-for-profit organization

Let's practice! Spanish to English! I'll give you three seconds before I provide each answer (please see the video starting at 01:34 to practice).

  • Seguro de salud: health insurance
  • Beca: scholarship
  • Aumento de sueldo: raise in salary

What about English to Spanish?

  • Teacher: maestro/maestra
  • Lawyer: abogado/abogada
  • Law firm: firma de abogados

Carlos es un estudiante de primer año en la universidad. Piensa que quiere especializarse en medicina y ser cirujano en el futuro. Elena es especialista en español y quiere ser maestra. Carlos ya se graduó hace dos años y está en la escuela de derecho. Estudia para abogado.

You get to be Cristián! Or, if you're a woman, you can be called Cristina. Be sure to change any modifying adjectives to the feminine form, as indicated.

Elena: Hola Carlos y Cristián, cómo están?

Cristián/Cristina: Estoy muy bien, pero tengo mucha tarea para mi clase de derecho constitucional.

Carlos: Yo estoy bien, gracias. Y tú?

Elena: Oye, estoy nerviosa. Me encantan mis clases de español, pero si decido ser maestra, ganaré un sueldo terrible?

Cristián/Cristina: No. Si estás en el sindicato, recibirás aumentos de sueldo, seguro de salud muy bueno, y tendrás una pensión muy fuerte.

Carlos: Pero tú, hermano, como abogado famoso, serás rico.

Cristián/Cristina: No es así. Yo tengo una beca para la escuela de derecho, como ya sabes. Y no quiero trabajar en una firma de abogados.

Elena: No? Entonces….

Cristián/Cristina: Si trabajo con una organización sin fines de lucro, sólo ganaré un sueldo 'normal' pero estaré muy contento/a.

So, how much did you understand? Practice your speaking and try to answer.

Quién es especialista en español y quiere ser maestro?. . . . . . Elena quiere ser maestra.

Quién será cirujano en el futuro? . . . . . . Carlos será cirujano.

Quién trabajará en una organización sin fines de lucro?. . . . . That's you! Cristián/Cristina será abogado/a.

Conversation 2

In this second conversation, we will work with another form of 'if clause,' one which is much more hypothetical and contrary-to-fact, also presented in an earlier lesson. If + imperfect subjunctive, then + conditional. This is used when we imagine what would happen if things were different. Si algo FUERA diferente, qué PASARÍA?

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