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Spanish Vocabulary for Physical Traits

Spanish Vocabulary for Physical Traits
Coming up next: Subject Pronouns in Spanish

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  • 0:06 Physical Traits
  • 0:35 Adjectives
  • 1:20 Viejo Y Mayor
  • 1:46 More Vocabulary
  • 2:37 Activity
  • 4:46 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Danielle Geary

Danielle teaches at the Georgia Institute of Technology. She holds a Doctor of Education with research concentration in Study Abroad and Foreign Language Acquisition.

What do you look like? What do your friends and family look like? And what about your pets? Learn how to describe physical traits in español in this lesson.

Physical Traits

Él es Antonio. Él es alto, moreno, y guapo.

Ella es Amanda. Ella es baja, pelirroja, y guapa.

Physical characteristics. What do you look like? What do your friends and family look like? And what about your pets? Vamos! Let's learn how to describe them all en español!

Adjectives

As you may have noticed, the adjectives that describe Antonio end with 'o,' while the adjectives that describe Amanda end with 'a.' This is because the descriptive word and the person or thing being described must agree in gender. We learn more about that in another lesson, but do note that adjectives in Spanish change endings when needed, like guapo and guapa. Note the following examples:

Y Marisa? Marisa es delgada, bonita, y rubia.

Tomás? Él es gordito y viejo.

Viejo y Mayor

But let's stop here. The word 'old,' when referring to people, has the same unpleasant connotation in Spanish as it does in English. Do some people use it? Sure. But there's a better, more respectful term we can use - 'mayor.' 'Tomás es mayor' means that Tomás is an older person - not just 'old.' It sounds so much better.

More Vocabulary

Y él es Manolo. Él es rubio y de estatura normal. No es muy guapo, pero no es feo; es normal.

Y el gato de Manolo? Se llama Mo. Mo es gordo y feo. Pero es muy simpático!

Ella es Rosa. Rosa es rubia, baja, y de peso normal.

Y él es José. Él es alto, calvo, y mayor también.

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