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Spanish Vocabulary: Times in the Past

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  • 0:06 Talking About Times in…
  • 0:23 Past Times Vocabulary
  • 2:34 Practice with Past…
  • 3:30 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Lisa Warren
This video will introduce students to words and phrases that can be used to talk about different times in the past. Words like 'yesterday,' 'last week,' and 'one time' will be taught.

Talking About Times in the Past

As you start to learn how to use Spanish verbs in the past tenses, you will want to be able to refer to some specific moments from the past. In this video, you will learn some helpful vocabulary that will allow you to reference when things occurred previously.

Past Times Vocabulary

There are, of course, infinite moments in the past that you might refer to. Here I am going to introduce some of the most useful vocabulary words for discussing events that previously occurred.

First, we have ayer, which means 'yesterday'. Next, we have anteayer, which is 'the day before yesterday'. Do you see how the word ayer is found within it? That should help you remember that word.

Now, we can expand a little farther back. A particularly useful term is pasado, which means 'last' as in, 'last week,' 'last summer,' or 'last year.' You simply put the appropriate noun in front of this word and make sure to agree for gender.

For example, to say 'last year,' you say el año pasado, and to say 'last week,' you say la semana pasada. Notice how the final vowel changes to an 'a' when the noun is feminine. How would you say 'last month,' do you think? You would say el mes pasado. And 'last Friday'? You would say el viernes pasado. Don't forget, days of the week aren't capitalized in Spanish!

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