Spelling Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Work with your students on both simple and complex spelling skills. First, find and identify prefixes, suffixes and root words. Then have students work on words that sound alike. Support learning with hands-on activities.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • identify prefix, suffix and root words
  • define and differentiate homonyms, homographs and homophones


1 hour


  • index cards
  • craft sticks in three colors
  • three cups to hold craft sticks

Key Vocabulary

  • prefix
  • suffix
  • root word
  • word parts
  • homophone
  • homograph
  • homonym

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.5.c

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.



  • After the video, divide students into three groups by counting of 1-2-3, then assigning Root (1), Prefix (2), and Suffix (3).
  • Instruct each group to review copies of the transcript to ensure understanding. Then groups should brainstorm a list of words pertaining to their subject. Have each student write each word they came up with on an index card. For example, the prefix group could write re on an index card.
  • Next, assemble groups of three students by combining the 1, 2, and 3 together. Each student should bring their index cards.
  • Students then create new words by combining their index cards. Write words on chart paper.
  • Share with class. Ask students to explain why some words didn't work and some did.

Back to the Lesson

  • Now, tell students they'll be shifting gears. List the words 'here' and 'hear' on the board. Ask students to discuss how these words are the same and different. Share ideas.
  • Instruct students to make a three-column chart labeled 'Homonym,' 'Homophone,' and 'Homograph.'
  • Show our video lesson Spelling Words That Sound Alike (Homonyms & Homophones).
  • As the video plays, students should fill in their charts with the definition and examples of each type.
  • Use the lesson summary to check for understanding. Discuss:
    • How are these three types of words similar and different?
    • Which type is most clear to you? Are any confusing?
    • How can you remember each of these types of words and their names?

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